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Upcoming day, World Day of Social Justice, 20 February. 2020 Theme: "Closing the Inequalities Gap to Achieve Social Justice!"


Inform       Today is Tuesday, February 18, 2020 and day 049 of the year.

Dec 03, 2019 at 12:41 PM

What is Pan Africanism?

Informer : Wegen

Pan-Africanism, philosophy that is based on the belief that African people share common bonds and objectives and that advocates unity to achieve these objectives. In the views of different proponents throughout its history, Pan-Africanism has been conceived in varying ways. It has been applied to all black African people and people of black African descent; to all people on the African continent, including nonblack people; or to all states on the African continent.
The formal concept of Pan-Africanism initially developed outside of Africa in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. It developed as a reaction to the impact of European colonialism in Africa on peoples of African descent. In the mid-20th century, activists in Africa adopted Pan-Africanism as a rallying cry for independence from colonial rule. Some African Pan-Africanists sought to unite the continent as one independent nation. From these origins and objectives, Pan-Africanism developed in two basic forms. In one form, known as Continental Pan-Africanism, it advocates the unity of states and peoples within Africa, either through political union or through international cooperation. In its other, broader form, known as Diaspora Pan-Africanism, it relates to solidarity among all black Africans and peoples of black African descent outside the African continent. Developed and interpreted by thinkers, authors, and activists around the world, Pan-Africanism remains a significant force in global politics and thought. 

Info source: Microsoft Encarta

Apr 04, 2019 at 11:59 AM

The Hiroshima Bomb

Informer : Wegen Fantu

The first atomic bomb, which was made of uranium and was nicknamed “Little Boy,” was dropped on Hiroshima, Japan, on August 6, 1945 by the American B-29 bomber Enola Gay. It killed 70,000 people instantly. Another 130,000 people later died from wounds or radiation sickness. 

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Info source: Microsoft ® Encarta Encyclopedia/Corbis

Apr 04, 2019 at 11:46 AM

Hiroshima After the Atom Bomb

Informer : Wegen Fantu

An aerial photograph reveals the devastation inflicted on Hiroshima, Japan, by an atomic bomb that was dropped on the city on August 6, 1945. Seventy thousand people were killed instantly, and 68 percent of the city was destroyed in the blast. The death toll eventually climbed to 200,000 due to radiation sickness.


Info source: Microsoft ® Encarta Encyclopedia/Corbis

Apr 04, 2019 at 11:29 AM

Einstein\'s Letter to Franklin D. Roosevelt

Informer : Wegen Fantu


Some recent work by E.Fermi and L. Szilard, which has been communicated to me in manuscript, leads me to expect that the element uranium may be turned into a new and important source of energy in the immediate future. Certain aspects of the situation which has arisen seem to call for watchfulness and, if necessary, quick action on the part of the Administration. I believe therefore that it is my duty to bring to your attention the following facts and recommendations:

In the course of the last four months it has been made probable—through the work of Joliot in France as well as Fermi and Szilard in America—that it may become possible to set up a nuclear chain reaction in a large mass of uranium, by which vast amounts of power and large quantities of new radium-like elements would be generated. Now it appears almost certain that this could be achieved in the immediate future.

This new phenomenon would also lead to the construction of bombs, and it is conceivable—though much less certain—that extremely powerful bombs of a new type may thus be constructed. A single bomb of this type, carried by boat and exploded in a port, might very well destroy the whole port together with some of the surrounding territory. However, such bombs might very well prove to be too heavy for transportation by air.

The United States has only very poor ores of uranium in moderate quantities. There is some good ore in Canada and the former Czechoslovakia, while the most important source of uranium is Belgian Congo.

In view of this situation you may think it desirable to have some permanent contact maintained between the Administration and the group of physicists working on chain reactions in America. One possible way of achieving this might be for you to entrust with this task a person who has your confidence and who could perhaps serve in an inofficial capacity. His task might comprise the following:

a) to approach Government Departments, keep them informed of the further development, and put forward recommendations for Government action, giving particular attention to the problem of securing a supply of uranium ore for the United States;

b) to speed up the experimental work, which is at present being carried on within the limits of the budgets of University laboratories, by providing funds, if such funds be required, through his contacts with private persons who are willing to make contributions for this cause, and perhaps also by obtaining the co-operation of industrial laboratories which have the necessary equipment.

I understand that Germany has actually stopped the sale of uranium from the Czechoslovakian mines which she has taken over. That she should have taken such early action might perhaps be understood on the ground that the son of the German Under-Secretary of State, von Weizsäcker, is attached to the Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut in Berlin where some of the American work on uranium is now being repeated.

Yours very truly,
Albert Einstein


Info source: Microsoft ® Student and Encarta

Feb 26, 2019 at 10:30 AM

Jews Being Taken to Death Camps

Informer : Wegen Fantu

Many Germans blamed the Jews for Germany’s defeat in World War I, some even claiming that German Jews had betrayed the nation during the war. In addition, at the end of the war a Communist group attempted to carry out a Bolshevik-type revolution in the German state of Bavaria. Most of the leaders of that failed attempt were Jews. As a result, some Germans associated Jews with Bolsheviks and regarded both groups as dangerous enemies of Germany. After the war, a republic known as the Weimar Republic was set up in Germany. Jewish politicians and intellectuals played an important role in German life during the Weimar Republic, and many non-Jews resented their influence.
On the basis of his anti-Semitic views, Nazi leader Adolf Hitler attacked the impressive role Jews played in German society during the Weimar Republic, especially in the intellectual world and in left-wing politics. He referred to them as a plague and a cancer. In his book Mein Kampf (My Struggle, translated 1939), which was published in 1926, Hitler blamed the plight of Germany at the end of World War I on an international Jewish conspiracy and used terms such as extirpation and extermination in relation to the Jews. He claimed that the Jews had achieved economic dominance and the ability to control and manipulate the mass media to their own advantage. He wrote of the need to eradicate their powerful economic position, if necessary by means of their physical removal. Photo shows: Jews Being Taken to Death Camps. As Nazi forces conquered many of the countries of Europe during World War II (1939-1945), millions of Jews were rounded up and slaughtered outright or imprisoned in concentration camps, where they were killed or died from starvation and disease. By the end of the war, between 5.6 million and 5.9 million Jewish men, women, and children had died at the hands of the Nazis. 

Info source: Microsoft student, Photo credit: Encarta encyclopedia, Hulton Deutsch

Feb 15, 2019 at 01:23 PM

Abyssinia (Former name of Ethiopia)

Informer : Wegen

Known as Abyssinia until the 20th century, Ethiopia is the oldest independent nation in Africa. It was home to the powerful Christian kingdom of Aksum that flourished from around the first century ad. After the 1500s Ethiopia divided into a number of small kingdoms, which were reunified by Menelik II in the 1880s. Eritrea, which had been part of Ethiopia since the 1950s, broke away to become an independent nation in 1993.

1 Comment(s)

Info source: microsoft student


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