Askwala



Happy saturday, have a beautiful weekend!

Get to know the fact, and the fact itself will set you free!


                                     

Welcome to askwala!


Inform          Today is Saturday, November 28, 2020

የስኳር ሕመም መከላከያና መቆጣጠሪያ መንገዶች

Informed 19 hours ago

1. የሰውነትዎ ክበደት ጤናማና ልከኛ ይሁን፡፡
2.
የአካል ብቃት እንቅስቃሴዎን እለት ተእለት ይጨምሩ፡፡ ቢቻልዎ በየቀኑ ለ30 ደቂቃ ላብ የሚስወጣ እንቅስቃሴ ማድረግ የሰርክ ተግባርዎ ይሁን፡፡ ስለአካል እንቅስቃሴዎ ሀኪምዎን ያማክሩ፡፡
3. ፍራፍሬ ፡ ቅጠላቅጠል እና የእህል ውጤቶችን አዘውትረው ይመገቡ፡፡ በደምዎ ውስጥ ያለውን ስኳር ለመቆጣጠር የሐይል ሰጪ ምግቦችን መጠን ላይ ሊኖራቸው የሚችለውን አስተዋጽኦ ያገናዝቡ፡፡
4. ጭንቀት የስወግዱ፡፡ በጭንቀት ወቅት የሚፈጠሩ ንጥረ -ቅመሞች በኢንሱሊን ምርትና በስራ ላይ አሉታዊ ተጽእኖ አላቸው፡፡
5. ሲጋራ አያጭሱ፡፡
6. የታዘዘልዎትን መድሓኒት በትክክልና በወቅቱ ይውሰዱ፡፡
7. የስኳር ህመም የጎንዮሽ ጉዳት መኖር አለመኖሩን ለማወቅ ከሀኪምዎ ጋር ይነጋገሩ፡፡
8. በደምዎ ውስጥ የሚኖረውን ስኳር በሚገባ ለመቆጣጠር ቁርጠኛ ይሁኑ፡፡  


Water or swimming does not transmit the COVID-19 virus

Informed 20 hours ago

The COVID-19 virus does not transmit through water while swimming. However, the virus spreads between people when someone has close contact with an infected person.  

Source:  World Health Organization

WHO recommends against the use of remdesivir in COVID-19 patients

Informed 20 hours ago

WHO has issued a conditional recommendation against the use of remdesivir in hospitalized patients, regardless of disease severity, as there is currently no evidence that remdesivir improves survival and other outcomes in these patients.  

Source:  World Health Organization

A look inside laboratories responding to COVID-19

Informed 20 hours ago

WHO is helping countries boost testing capacity for SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19. This includes supporting laboratories around the world. Here’s a glimpse at some of that work.  

Source:  World Health Organization

Join 16 days of action to prevent all forms of violence against women

Informed 20 hours ago

Globally 1 in 3 women experience physical and/or sexual violence in their lifetime, mostly by an intimate partner. This is a stark reminder of the scale of gender inequality and discrimination against women.  

Source:  World Health Organization

ሰው የተራበ አዕምሮ

Informed 20 hours ago

ብዙ ጊዜ ረሀብ በሚጠምደን ጊዜ አዕምሮአችን ስለ ምግብ ያስባል፤ በብቸኝነት ውስጥ ስንሆንም በተመሳሳይ አዕምሮአችን ሰው ይርበዋል፡፡ ለአንድ ቀን ማንንም ሳናይ ብንቆይ የተራበ ሰው አንጎል ምግብ እንደሚታየው ሁሉ ብቸኝነቱም ማህበራዊ መሰብሰቦችን መላልሶ እንደሚታየው ተመራማሪዎች አስታወቁ፡፡
የኮግኒቲቭ ኒሮሳይንቲስቷ ሊቪያ ቶሞቫ እና ባልደረባዎቻቸው 40 ያህል ተሳታፊዎችን ለ10 ሰዓታት ያህል እንዲፆሙ አድርገዋቸው ነበር፡፡ በዕለቱ መጨረሻ ላይ የፋንክሽናል MRI (fMRI) ስልትን በመጠቀም የተሳታፊዎቹን ሚድብሬን የተባለ አንጎል ክፍል ውስጥ ያሉ አንዳንድ ነርቮች የፒዛ እና ቸኮሌት ኬክ ምስል ማሳት ጀመሩ፡፡ እነዚህ ኔሮኖች ከምልሰት ጋራ የተያያዘ ኬሚካላዊ መልዕክት አስተከላላፊ የሆነውን ዶፓሚንን ያመርታሉ፡፡ በሌላ ቀን እነዚሁ 40 ተሳታፊዎች ለ10 ሰዓታት ያህል ከማንም ጋራ በየትኛውም መንገድ (የማህበራዊ ሚዲያን ጨምሮ) ሳይገናኙ እንዲቆዩ ተደረጉ፡፡ በኋላ ላይ ለማየት እንደተቻለውም ቀድሞ በተገለፀው አካባቢ ላይ ያሉ ኒሮኖች ሰዎች ቻት ሲያደርጉ እና የጋራ ስፖርታዊ እንቅስቃሴዎችን ሲያከናውኑ የሚያሳይ ምስለ ምልሰትን አሳይተዋል፡፡ ታድያ ረሃቡ ሲጠና ወይም ብቻቸውን ተገልለው የሚቆዩበት ጊዜ በረዘመ ቁትር የሚያሳዩት ምልሰትም በዚያው መልኩ እያየለ መጥቷል፡፡ በዕለት ተዕለት ህይወታቸው ብዙውን ጊዜ በብቸኝነት የሚያሳልፉት ተሳታፊዎች ማህበራዊ ላይ ታድያ ምላሾቹ አነስተኛ መሆናቸውን አጥኚዎቹ መመልከት ችለዋል፡፡ ይህ ከምን እንደተነሳ በሳይንሳዊ መልኩ ማብራራት ባይቻላቸውም ምናባትም በእለት ተዕለት ህይወታቸው የተላመዱት ነገር ስለሆነ ሊሆን ይችላል የሚል ግምትን ወስደዋል፡፡
የእኛ የሰው ልጆች የምግብ፣ ጓደኛ፣ ቁማር ወዘተ…. ፍላጎታችንን የሚያነሳሳው ሚድብሬን የተሰኘው የአንጎላችን ከፍል ብቸኛ ሳንሆንም ሆነ ምግብ ሳይርበን ምልሰቶችን ሊሰጥ ይችላል፡፡ እኛም ቢሆን ሁል ጊዜ ልንበላ እና ልንጫወት እንችላለን፡፡ ሆኖም ረሀብ እና ብቸኝነት ምላሹን የሚጨምረው ሲሆን እነዚህ ምላሾችም ባጣነው ነገር ዙርያ እንዲሆን ያደርጋል፡፡ ይህ ጥናት በተለይ የኮሮና ቫይረስ ወረርሺኝን ተከትሎ ከቤታቸው የዋሉ ሰዎች ለአካላዊም ሆነ አዕምሮአዊ ጤና እንዲጋለጡና ከምግብ በላይ ሌሎች ነገሮችን እንዲራቡ ሊያደርግ ስለሚችል ቀውሱን ከማህበራዊ እይታ አንፃርም መመልከከት እንደሚገባ በማሳያነት ቀርቧል፡፡  

Source:  Science News

Physical activity

Informed 20 hours ago

Up to 5 million deaths a year could be averted if the global population was more active. At a time when many people are home bound due to COVID-19, new WHO Guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behaviour, emphasize that everyone, of all ages and abilities, can be physically active and that every type of movement counts.  

Source:  World Health Organization

ናኖ ቴክኖሎጂ በጤናው ዘርፍ

Informed 22 hours ago

በህክምና ዘርፍ በሽታን ለመመርመርና ለማከም አጉልተው የሚያሳዩ መሳሪያዎችን መጠቀም የማይተካ ሚና አለው፡፡ በዚህ ረግድ ማይክሮስኮፕ፣ ኤክስርይ፣ ኤም አር አይ፣ አልትራ ሳውንድ ሌሎች መሳሪያዎች በጥቅም ላይ ውለዋል፡፡ በአሁኑ ጊዜ የናኖ ቴክኖሎጂን በመጠቀም በሴልና በሞሎኪል ድርጃ ያሉትን አካላትን አንጥሮ ለማየት ጥቃቅን ተንቅሳቃሽ የናኖ ንጥረ ነግሮች (ናኖ ፓርቲክልስ) የመጠቀም አስፍላጊነት እየጎላ መጥቷል፡፡ ይህ ቴክኖሎጂ ጥቃቅን የሰውነት አካላትን በከፍትኛ ጥራት ከማሳየቱም ባለፈ የመዋሃድ ችግር ያለባቸውን መድኃኒቶች የመዋኃድ አቅማቸውን መጨመሩ የወደፊቱን የጤና ስርዓት በእጅጉ እንዲያግዝ ያስችለዋል፡፡  


ሦስቱ የዓለም አቀፍ የደረጃዎች ድርጅት አባላት

Informed 22 hours ago

ዓለም አቀፍ የደረጃዎች ደርጅት በየሀገሩ ያሉ ብሔራዊ የደረጃዎች አካላት የግንኙነት መረብ ነው፡፡ አባላቱ በየሀገራቸው የሚገኙ ግንባር ቀደምና ብቸኛ ብሔራዊ የደረጃዎች ድርጅቶች ሲሆኑ ለአንድ አገር አንድ አባል ድርጅት ብቻ ይኖረዋል፡፡ እያንዳንዱ አባል ድርጅትም የዓለም አቀፍ የደረጃዎች ድርጅትን ለየሀገሩ ይወክላል፡፡ ግለሰቦች ወይም ኩባንያዎች የአለም አቀፍ የደረጃዎች ድርጅት አባል መሆን አይችሉም፡፡
በጥቅሉ በዓለም አቀፍ የደረጃዎች ድረጅት አሰራር መሰረት ሦስት የአባልነት ምድቦች ሲኖሩት እያንዳንዱ በተለያየ ደረጃ የመሳተፍ ዕድል የሚያገኝና በISO ሥርዐት ውስጥ ከፍተኛ ሚና የመጫወት ዕድል አለው፡፡ ይህም አለም አቀፍ የደረጃዎች ድረጅትን (ISO) ሁሉንም እንደየምድቡ እንዲካተትና እንዲቻቻል የሚያደርገው ከመሆኑ በተጨማሪ የእያንዳንዱን ብሔራዊ የደረጃዎች አካል የተለያዩ ፍላጎቶችንና አቅም እንዲረዳ ያደርገዋል፡፡
የአባልነት ምድቦቹ ሙሉ አባልነት ( Full Members ) ፣ተባባባሪ አባላት( Correspondent Members) እና ታዛቢ አባላት ( Subscriber Members ) ይሰኛሉ፡፡
ሙሉ አባለት (Full Members)
እነዚህ አባላት የዓለም አቀፍ የደረጃዎች ድርጅት ደረጃዎች ሲዘጋጁና ስትራቴጂ ሲቀየስ በድርጅቱ የቴክኒክና የፓሊሲ ስብሰባዎች ላይ ተገኝተው ይሳተፋሉ፤ይመርጣሉ፣ ሙሉ አባላት በብሔራዊ የደረጃዎች ድርጅቶቻቸው አማካይነት የISO ዓለም አቀፍ ደረጃዎችን ብሔራዊ ደረጃዎች አድርገው መውረስ የሚችሉ ሲሆን እንደሆኔታው በየሀገሮቻቸው ደረጃዎቹን ይሸጣሉ፡፡
ተባባሪ አባለት (Correspondent Members)
የዓለም አቀፍ የደረጃዎች ድርጅትን የደረጃ ዝግጅትና ስትራቴጂ በድርጅቱ የቴክኒክና የፓሊሲ ስብስባዎች ላይ ተገኝተው ይሳተፋሉ፣ ሆኖም እነዚህ አባላት ድምጽ አይሰጡም፡፡ ተባባሪ አባላት በብሔራዊ ድርጅቶቻቸው አማካይነት በሀገራቸው የISO ዓለም አቀፍ ደረጃዎችን መሸጥና ማፅደቅ ይችላሉ፡፡
ታዛቢ አባላት፤(Subscriber Members) :- የዓለም አቀፍ የደረጃዎች ድርጅትን ሥራ በየወቅቱ ይከታተላሉ ፣መሳተፍ ግን አይችሉም ፡፡ የISO ዓለም አቀፍ ደረጃዎችን በየሀገሮቻቸው አይሸጡም ፣አያፀድቁም፡፡  


የባልደረባዉን የጦር መሳሪያ በሀይል በመንጠቅ በጥበቃ ተቀጥሮ ሲሰራበት ከነበረዉ ተቋም ከባድ የዉንብድና ወንጀል የፈፀመዉ ተከሳሽ በ15 ዓመት በፅኑ እስራት ተቀጣ

Informed 22 hours ago

ተከሳሽ ሽፈራዉ ያለዉ ከሌሎች ግብረ አበሮቹ ጋር በመሆን በተለየ ዘዴ ጨካኝነት በመጠቀም በየካ ቤቶች ልማት ፕሮጀክት ዉስጥ በጥበቃ ስራ ተቀጥሮ ሲሰራ በቦሌ ክፍለ ከተማ ወረዳ 11 ልዩ ቦታዉ ቦሌ አራብሳ አካባቢ በቀን 9/2/2012 ከሌሊቱ 7፡00 ሲሆን የስራ ባልደረባዉ የሆነዉን ግለሰብ አንቆ በመያዝ ለጥበቃ የተሰጠዉን ክላሽ የጦር መሳሪያ ከነጠቀዉና ጉዳት በማድረስ ራሱን እንዳይከላከል ካደረገዉ በኋላ የዉንብድና ወንጀል ፈፅሟል፡፡
የዐቃቤ ህግ የክስ ዝርዝር እንደሚያስረዳዉ ተከሳሹ ከሌሎች ግብረ አበሮች ጋር በጋራ በመሆንና መጋዘን ዉስጥ በመግባት ብዛቱ 276.25 ጥቅል የኤሌክትሪክ ገመድ በአጠቃላይ የዋጋ ግምቱ 668.592.75 የሚያወጣ ንብረትና ከጥበቃ የቀማዉን የጦር መሳሪያ ይዞ ከተሰወረ በኋላ ከነ መሳሪያዉ የተያዘ በመሆኑ የኢፌዴሪ የወንጀል ህግ አንቀፅ 67/1/2/ ስር የተመለከተዉን ተላልፎ በፈፀመዉ ከባድ የዉንብድና ወንጀል ዐቃቤ ህግ ክስ መስርቶበታል፡፡
ተከሳሽ ወንጀሉን መፈፀሙን ያመነ ሲሆን ዐቃቤ ህግም ስምንት የሰዉ፣የፅሁፍና ኤግዚቪት ማስረጃዎቹን አያይዞ ለፍርድ ቤቱ አቅርቧል በዚሁ መሰረትም የፌዴራል ከፍተኛ ፍርድ ቤት ቦሌ ምድብ 4ተኛ ከፍተኛ የወንጀል ችሎት በቀን 17/3/2013 ባስቻለዉ ችሎት ተከሳሽ ሽፈራዉ ያለዉ በ15 ዓመት ፅኑ እስራት እንዲቀጣ ወስኖበታል፡  


የ8ኛ ክፍል ክልላዊ ፈተና ኅዳር 24 እና 25 ቀን 2013 ዓ.ም እንደሚሰጥ የአዲስ አበባ ከተማ አስተዳደር ትምህርት ቢሮ ገለጸ።

Informed 24 hours ago

የ8ኛ ክፍል ክልላዊ ፈተና ኅዳር 24 እና 25 ቀን 2013 ዓ.ም እንደሚሰጥ የአዲስ አበባ ከተማ አስተዳደር ትምህርት ቢሮ ገለጸ።
በአዲስ አበባ ከተማ የ8ኛ ክፍል ክልላዊ ፈተና ኅዳር 24 እና 25 ቀን 2013 ዓ.ም የሚሰጥ መሆኑን የአዲስ አበባ ከተማ አስተዳደር ትምህርት ቢሮ ገልጿል፡፡ ።
ቢሮው ተማሪዎች በተገለጹት ቀናት ወደ መፈተኛ ጣቢያዎች በመገኘት ፈተና እንዲወስዱ ጥሪ አቅርቧል።  


በማማከር ስራ የተሰማራችው የአዲስ አበባ ነዋሪ 1,000,000 ሚሊዮን ብር እድለኛ ሆና ሽልማቷን ተረከበች፡፡

Informed 24 hours ago

ወ/ሮ ቃልኪዳን ጋሻው ትባላለች በአዲስ አበባ ከተማ የካ ክ/ከተማ ነዋሪ ስትሆን በልዩ ሎተሪ 3ኛ እጣ የ1,000,000 ብር እድለኛ ሆና ሽልማቷን ተረክባለች፡፡
ዕድለኛዋ ባለትዳርና የአንድ ልጅ እናት ስትሆን በማማከር ስራ ትሰራለች፡፡ የደረሳትን ገንዘብም ስራዋን ለማስፋፊያነት እንደምትጠቀምበት ተናግራለች፡፡  


New research suggests immunity to COVID is better than we first thought

Informed yesterday at 10:46 AM

Early in the pandemic, many researchers feared people who contracted COVID could be reinfected very quickly. This was because several early studies showed antibodies seemed to wane after the first few months post-infection.

It was also partly because normal human coronaviruses, which are one cause of common colds and are cousins of SARS-CoV-2, do not generate long-lasting immunity, so we can get reinfected with them after 12 months.

But new preliminary research suggests key parts of the immune system can remember SARS-CoV-2 for at least eight or nine months, and possibly for years.  

Source:  The Conversation

Exercise found to reduce menopausal symptoms in cancer survivors

Informed yesterday at 10:35 AM

Physical activity can reduce the severity of early menopausal symptoms in women who have had cancer treatment, a University of Queensland study has found.  

Source:  University of Queensland

High blood pressure in midlife is linked to increased brain damage in later life

Informed yesterday at 10:31 AM

Higher than normal blood pressure is linked to more extensive brain damage in the elderly, according to a new study published in the European Heart Journal.

In particular, the study found that there was a strong association between diastolic blood pressure (the blood pressure between heart beats) before the age of 50 and brain damage in later life, even if the diastolic blood pressure was within what is normally considered to be a healthy range.  

Source:  European Society of Cardiology

Fiji's vaccine program reduces childhood death and illness: study

Informed yesterday at 10:24 AM

Fiji’s national vaccine program against pneumonia, a serious lung condition, and rotavirus, a common disease which causes severe diarrhoea and vomiting, has reduced illness and death, new research shows.

The University of Melbourne-led research team, which worked with the Fiji Ministry of Health and Medical Services, says the results underline the importance of vaccines and how they can potentially reduce the impact of viruses such as COVID-19.  

Source:  University of Melbourne

Scientists develop new gene therapy for eye disease

Informed yesterday at 10:00 AM

Scientists from Trinity have developed a new gene therapy approach that offers promise for one day treating an eye disease that leads to a progressive loss of vision and affects thousands of people across the globe.

The study, which involved a collaboration with clinical teams in the Royal Victoria Eye and Ear Hospital and the Mater Hospital, also has implications for a much wider suite of neurological disorders associated with ageing.  

Source:  Trinity College Dublin

Foods high in fiber, low in saturated fat can lower cholesterol

Informed yesterday at 09:49 AM

While saturated fat and dietary cholesterol both play a role in your cholesterol level, experts stress that the most important dietary change you can make to lower your cholesterol numbers is to adjust the overall pattern of your diet. Best is a diet rich in fruits, vegetables, fish, and whole grains. This helps in two ways. First, the more of these healthful foods you eat, the less you generally consume of foods that are high in saturated fat and highly refined carbohydrates, which both damage the cardiovascular system. Second, high-fiber foods help reduce your cholesterol level by making unhealthy dietary fats harder to absorb from the gut.

This doesn't work for everyone, however. For people at high risk of heart disease, dietary efforts don't come close to lowering cholesterol enough. Other people are genetically predisposed to having high blood cholesterol regardless of what they eat.  

Source:  Harvard university

Cholesterol and heart disease: The role of diet

Informed yesterday at 09:40 AM

Your diet clearly plays a role in determining your cholesterol levels, but if you're like most people, the most important factor isn't how much cholesterol-rich food you eat. Rather, it's what else you eat. Figuring this out has been a learning process.

Initially, the news that cholesterol in the bloodstream was linked to heart disease prompted an all-out war on cholesterol in food. From the 1960s on, people were advised to stay away from foods rich in cholesterol, like eggs, dairy foods, and some types of seafood. But today, the science suggests that, for most people, dietary cholesterol (the cholesterol in foods) has only a modest effect on the amount of cholesterol in the bloodstream. In fact, the 2015–2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans eliminated an earlier recommendation to limit dietary cholesterol to 300 milligrams (mg) per day—although they still suggest caution on overall intake.  

Source:  Harvard university

Lebanon becomes 191st country to ratify UNESCO Anti-Doping Convention

Informed yesterday at 09:28 AM

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) is pleased to announce that Lebanon has become the 191st State Party to ratify the UNESCO International Convention against Doping in Sport (UNESCO Convention). This leaves just four countries worldwide that have yet to complete their ratification of the UNESCO Convention.  

Source:  WADA

ጉግል ቆዳን እንደ ተችፓድ (touchpad) የሚያስጠቅም ስማርት ንቅሳቶች ላይ እየሰራ ነው

Informed 2 days ago (Thu, November 26, 2020 at 05:20 PM)

በሀገራችንም ሆነ በሌሎች የአለም ክፍሎች ንቅሳትን ለውበትና የጥበብ ስራዎች በሰውነታችን ለማስፈር መጠቀም በጣም የተለመደ ነው፡፡ ግዙፉ የጎግል ተቋም ከጀርመን የሳርላንድ ዩኒቨርሲቲ ተመራማሪዎች ጋር በመሆን ከፍተኛ ቴክኖሎጂ የሚጠቀም ጊዜያዊ የሆነን ንቅሳት በመንቀስ ቆዳችንን በመንካት የሚሰራ የቴክኖሎጂ ቁስ (fully-functional touchpad) ለማድረግ እየሰራ እንደሆነ ተዘግቧል፡፡
ይህ SkinMarks በመባል የሚታወቀው ፕሮጀክት ከ2017 ጀምሮ እየተሰራ ሲሆን መሰረታዊ ሀሳቡም የቴክኖሎጂ ውጤቶችን እንደ ምልክትና መንካት ባሉ ተፈጥሯዊ የሰውነት እንቅስቃሴዎች ለመጠቀም ነው፡፡
SkinMarks የንቅሳት ቴክኖሎጂ በጣም ስስ የሆነ ውፍረት ያለው ንቅሳት ሲሆን በቆዳችን ልክ መለጠጥ የሚችል ነው፡፡ ንቅሳቱ የሰውነታችንን እንቅስቃሴ የሚረዳ ሴንሰር የተገጠመለት ነው፡፡ አተገባበሩም ከ skin electronics እና epidermal electronics መሰረታዊ ሀሳብ ጋር የተዛመደ ነው፡፡ እነዚህም ቆዳን ለኮምፒውተርና ለሰው ተግባቦት የግንኙነት መስመር የሚሆኑ ናቸው፡፡  

Source:  InceptiveMind

FINALISTS ANNOUNCED FOR WORLD ATHLETICS PHOTOGRAPH OF THE YEAR AWARD

Informed 2 days ago (Thu, November 26, 2020 at 04:54 PM)

As the countdown to the World Athletics Awards 2020 continues, the finalists for the Photograph of the Year award have been selected.

From the 77 images that were submitted, a panel of judges – comprising Raquel Cavaco Nunes, Ivo Gonzalez, Bob Martin, Thomas Rohler and Katerina Stefanidi – were given the task to narrow the entries to 30 shortlisted images before deciding on the three finalists.

The full shortlist of 30 images can be seen in the online gallery on the World Athletics Awards 2020 website.

The winning photograph will be announced live during the virtual World Athletics Awards 2020 on Saturday 5 December.  

Source:  World Athletics

Research creates hydrogen-producing living droplets, paving way for alternative future energy sources

Informed 2 days ago (Thu, November 26, 2020 at 04:33 PM)

Scientists have built tiny droplet-based microbial factories that produce hydrogen, instead of oxygen, when exposed to daylight in air.  

Source:  University of Bristol

A growth mindset of interest can spark innovative thinking

Informed 2 days ago (Thu, November 26, 2020 at 04:26 PM)

Researchers from Yale-NUS College find that viewing interests as developable, not fixed, can help people make connections among diverse fields that others might miss, with implications for innovation  

Source:  Yale-NUS College

Everyday Activities Enhance Personal Well-being

Informed 2 days ago (Thu, November 26, 2020 at 04:19 PM)

Physical activity makes happy and is important to maintain psychic health. Researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and the Central Institute of Mental Health (CIMH) in Mannheim studied the brain regions which play a central role in this process. Their findings reveal that even everyday activities, such as climbing stairs, significantly enhance well-being, in particular of persons susceptible to psychiatric disorders.  

Source:  Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Genetic study shows that the risk of pre-eclampsia is related to blood pressure and BMI

Informed 2 days ago (Thu, November 26, 2020 at 04:06 PM)

An international study, coordinated by experts from the University of Nottingham, has revealed that the genetic risk of pre-eclampsia – a potentially dangerous condition in pregnancy – is related to blood pressure and body mass index.

Pre-eclampsia, usually diagnosed by increased blood pressure and protein in urine, affects up to 5% of pregnant women. It contributes worldwide to the death of estimated 50 000 women and up to one million babies annually. The condition is also associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases among mothers and their children later in life. There is an inherited risk, with women with a family history of pre-eclampsia at greater risk of developing the condition themselves.  

Source:  University of Nottingham

What’s the secret ingredient that makes a happy couple or family?

Informed 2 days ago (Thu, November 26, 2020 at 03:27 PM)

Analysis shows those who are psychologically flexible have better romantic and family relationships.  

Source:  University of Rochester

Obesity is not only the individual's responsibility

Informed 2 days ago (Thu, November 26, 2020 at 01:10 PM)

Research based on 5425 citizens' responses to a questionnaire survey has illuminated that obesity causes are linked to various factors in addition to the individual's current socioeconomic circumstances, including childhood experiences, particularly those of abuse. The study was carried out by Project Professor TAMORI Yoshikazu (Division of Creative Health Promotion) et al.'s research group at the Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine.  

Source:  EurekAlert

Global study shows teenage motherhood is still high

Informed 2 days ago (Thu, November 26, 2020 at 01:05 PM)

The high rate of adolescent motherhood across developing countries isn’t shifting, with reductions either modest or absent in some regions and rising in others, according to University of Queensland-led research.

The study found an urgent need for effective interventions such as sexual education, teenage health services, and national policies that promote economic growth and decrease income inequality in these countries.  

Source:  University of Queensland

Early birth linked to greater risk of hospital visits during childhood

Informed 2 days ago (Thu, November 26, 2020 at 12:53 PM)

Being born early (before 37 weeks' gestation) is associated with a higher risk of hospital admission throughout childhood than being born at full term (40 weeks' gestation), finds a study published by The BMJ .  

Source:  British Medical Journal

Childhood empathy important predictor of aggression

Informed 2 days ago (Thu, November 26, 2020 at 12:47 PM)

Young children who are less empathetic than their peers are more likely to be aggressive when older. This is what Malou Noten concludes in her dissertation. PhD defence on 25 November.  

Source:  Leiden University

Cooking with Wood May Cause Lung Damage

Informed 2 days ago (Thu, November 26, 2020 at 12:40 PM)

Advanced imaging with CT shows that people who cook with biomass fuels like wood are at risk of suffering considerable damage to their lungs from breathing in dangerous concentrations of pollutants and bacterial toxins, according to a study being presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA).  

Source:  Radiological Society of North America

በወር አበባ ዑደት እርግዝናን መከላከል

Informed 2 days ago (Thu, November 26, 2020 at 12:32 PM)

የወሊድ መቆጣጠሪያ መንገዶች ተፈጥሮአዊ እና ዘመናዊ በመባል ይከፈላሉ። ተፈጥሮአዊ ከሚባሉተ ውስጥ የቀን መቁጠሪያን በመጠቀም እርግዝና ሊፈጠር የሚችልበትን ቀኖች ላይ ከግንኙነት በመታቀብ መከላከል አንዱ ነው።
አጠቃቀሙ
1. ባለፉት 6 ወራት ውስጥ የወር አበባ የመጣበትን ቀናት ማየት
2. ከቀኖች ውስጥ ቶሎ ከመጣበት ቀን ላይ 21 መቀነስ
3. ከቅናሹ የተገኘው ውጤት ግንኙነት የሚቆምበትን ቀን ያመለክታል
4. የማህጸን ጤናማ ፈሳሽ በዚህ ወቅት ይቀጥናል
5. ፈሳሹ መወፈር ከጀመረ ከ3 ቀን በኃላ ግንኙነት መጀመር ይቻላል
የመከላከል ብቃት
1. እንደየስው ጥንቃቄ ይለያያል (3-80%)
2. የወንድ አጋሮችንም ተባባሪነት ይጠይቃል
3. አንዳንድ የወንድ የዘር ፍሬዎች 5-7 ቀን የሴት አካል ውስጥ ሊቆዩ ይችላሉ።
ምሳሌ
ያለፉት 6 ወራት የወር አበባ የመጣበት ቀናት፡ 27ኛ፡28ኛ፡29ኛ፡27ኛ፡28ኛ፡29ኛ ቢሆን
ትንሹ 27 ስለሆነ 27-21= 6። የወር አበባ ከመጣ ከ6ኛ ቀን ጀምሮ ግንኙነት መቆም አለበት ማለት ነው።

(በዶ/ር ቤቴል ደረጀ- የማህጸን እና የጽንስ ስፔሺያሊስት)  


New study explains important cause of fatal influenza

Informed 2 days ago (Thu, November 26, 2020 at 11:09 AM)

It is largely unknown why influenza infections lead to an increased risk of bacterial pneumonia. Researchers at Karolinska Institutet have now described important findings leading to so-called superinfections, which claim many lives around the world every year. The study is published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, and could contribute to research on COVID-19.  

Source:  Karolinska Institutet

World Health Organization 2020 guidelines on physical activity and sedentary behaviour

Informed 2 days ago (Thu, November 26, 2020 at 10:56 AM)

In 2018, the World Health Assembly (WHA) approved a new Global Action Plan on Physical Activity (GAPPA) 2018–2030 1 and adopted a new voluntary global target to reduce global levels of physical inactivity in adults and adolescents by 15% by 2030. As part of the WHA Resolution (WHA71.6), Member [...]  

Source:  British Journal of Sports Medicine

Happy Thanksgiving

Informed 2 days ago (Thu, November 26, 2020 at 10:51 AM)

Informer:  Appeal For Purity
With all the facts that are coming out about how many military men of the Northern Ethiopian National Defense Force were killed by TPLF (they were killed while they were sleeping) and how they beheaded 600+ civilians from the Amhara tribe, in Mai Kadra, it is hard to celebrate anything, am I right?  


With More Data on its COVID-19 Vaccine, Russian Institute Offers New Evidence of Success

Informed 2 days ago (Thu, November 26, 2020 at 10:45 AM)

Joining the flood of press releases announcing positive results from COVID-19 vaccine trials, developers of Russia’s Sputnik V vaccine today reported 91.4% efficacy from a second interim analysis of more than 18,000 people, bolstering a claim the team made on 11 November with scant evidence.  

Source:  Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security (Science)

Contraceptives research needs a reboot

Informed 2 days ago (Thu, November 26, 2020 at 10:38 AM)

Worldwide, almost half of women who are of reproductive age use contraception. Another 171 million women — around 1 in 11 aged between 15 and 49 — do not use it, yet want to avoid pregnancy. Several factors contribute to this unmet need. New, effective and more-desirable contraceptive options are urgently needed. Family planning is a key aspect to meeting United Nations Sustainable Development Goals 3 and 5.

Many women and men are highly dissatisfied with the contraceptives available. Male condoms fail too often — in the first year of condom use, about 13% of women become pregnant — and women must rely on men. Implants and intra-uterine devices (IUDs) require medical procedures and can be invasive; pills have to be taken every day. Hormonal methods and non-hormonal IUDs can have side effects, including irregular or unpredictable menstrual bleeding, headaches, acne and weight gain, as well as depression and other mood changes. For many women worldwide, contraception has been difficult to obtain or afford, even before the COVID-19 pandemic.  

Source:  Nature

The mistake that boosted the Oxford–AstraZeneca COVID vaccine’s efficacy

Informed 2 days ago (Thu, November 26, 2020 at 10:25 AM)

AstraZeneca says that the striking improvement in efficacy of its COVID-19 vaccine, developed with the University of Oxford, UK, was discovered because of a mistake. Milder-than-expected side-effects led to the discovery that some trial participants were inadvertently given a lower first dose. Early data show that the vaccine is 90% effective in protecting those people against COVID, compared with 62% in people who got two full doses. A top priority for researchers is finding out why. “The reason we had the half dose is serendipity,” said AstraZeneca executive Mene Pangalos.  

Source:  Nature

Pregnancy stress may shape baby brain

Informed 3 days ago (Wed, November 25, 2020 at 05:18 PM)

Infants’ brains may be shaped by levels of stress their mother experiences during pregnancy, a brain scanning study has revealed.  

Source:  University of Edinburgh

Hormone found to switch off hunger could help tackle obesity

Informed 3 days ago (Wed, November 25, 2020 at 05:12 PM)

New findings suggest a hormone called Lipocalin-2 could be used as a potential treatment for obesity.

A hormone that can suppress food intake and increase the feeling of fullness in mice has shown similar results in humans and non-human primates, says a new study published today in eLife.  

Source:  ELife

Stronger memories can help us make sense of future changes

Informed 3 days ago (Wed, November 25, 2020 at 05:08 PM)

Research finds a new relationship between memory and the ability to incorporate changes into one's understanding of the world.  

Source:  Washington University in St. Louis

የወሊድ መቆጣጠሪያ እንክብሎች መውሰድ የሌለባት ሴት

Informed 3 days ago (Wed, November 25, 2020 at 04:39 PM)

በዚህ ፅሁፍ የወሊድ መቆጣጠሪያ እንክብሎች የሚለው የሚወክለው (COC) ሁለቱንም ሆረሞኖች(Estrogen and progestrone) የያዘውን የወሊድ መቆጣጠሪያ ይሆናል
ይህንን ዘዴ መጠቀም የሌለባቸው ሴቶች በሁለት ከፍለን እንያቸው።
ፈፅሞ መጠቀም የሌለባት
1. ከዚህ በፊት ስትሮክ(stroke) እና ተያያዥ ተሆነ የልብ ህመም፣ የደም መርጋት የነበረባት
2. የጉበት እጢ ወይም የጉበት ህመም
3. የጡት ካንሰር ወይም የመራቢያ አካላት ካንሰር
4. የታወቀ ወይም የሚጠረጠር እርግዝና ካላት ፈፅሞ መውሰድ የለባትም
ባትጠቀም እጅጉን ይመከራ
1. ከፍተኛ የሆነ እራስ ምታት ያለባት
2. የደም ግፊት፣ የስኳር ህመም፣ በቤተሰብ ውስጥ ጠንካራ የሆነ የስኳር ህመም ካለ
3. የሃሞት ከረጢት ህመም ወይም በኦፕሪሽን ተቆረጦ የወጣ ከሆነ
4. በህክምና ተመርምሮ ያልታወቀ ከማህጸን ደም መድማት ካላት ይህንን የወሊድ መቆጣጠሪ ባትጠቀም እጅጉን ይመከራል።

(ዶ/ር ቤቴል ደረጀ- የማህጸን እና የጽንስ )
ስፔሺያሊስት)  


የወሊድ መቆጣጠሪያ እንክብሎች ተጨማሪ ጥቅም

Informed 3 days ago (Wed, November 25, 2020 at 03:20 PM)

የወሊድ መቆጣጠሪያ እንክብሎች(combined oral contraceptives) ካልተፈለገ እርግዝና ከመከላከላቸውም በተጨማሪ ሌሎች ጥቅሞች አሏቸው። እነዚህ በተለምዶው ፒልስ በሚል ስም የሚጠሩ ሲሆን በተለያየ የምርት ስያሜ ገበያ ላይ ይገኛሉ። ተጨማሪ ጥቅሞቻቸውም፤
ይከላከላሉ
· ከእንቁላል ማመንጫ፡ የማህጸን እና የትልቁ አንጀት ካንሰርን
· የጡት እና የእንቁላል ማመንጫ እጢወችን (benign)
· የአጥንት መሳሳትን
ይቀንሳሉ
· ከማህጸን ውጭ የሚከሰት እርግዝናን
· የውስጥ የመራቢያ አካላት ኢንፌክሽንን
· የደም ማነስን
· የወር-አበባ መዛባትን እና ህመምን
· ብጉርን

(በዶ/ር ቤቴል ደረጀ- የማህጸን እና የጽንስ ስፔሺያሊስት)  


የህወሃት ጁንታ አባላት በመንግስት የቀረበላቸውን ጥሪ ተቀብለው እጅ እንዲሰጡ የአቶ ጌታቸው ረዳ እህት ጠየቁ

Informed 3 days ago (Wed, November 25, 2020 at 03:14 PM)

Informer:  Addis Admass
የህወሃት ጁንታ ቡድን አባላት በመንግስት የቀረበላቸውን ጥሪ ተቀብለው እጅ በመስጠት የትግራይ ህዝብ ከተጋረጠበት አደጋ ሊታደጉት እንደሚገባ የህወሃት ጁንታ ስራ አስፈጻሚ አባል የሆኑት የአቶ ጌታቸው ረዳ ታናሽ እህት ዋና ሳጅን ትዕግስት ረዳ ገለጹ።
"እኔ የአቶ ጌታቸው ረዳ እህት ብሆንም የፖለቲካ አመለካከት በዘር አይተላለፍም" የሚሉት ዋና ሳጅን ትግስት፤ "በበኩሌ በአፍላነት እድሜዬ ህብረ-ብሄራዊ ለነበረው ኢህዴን የታገልኩና ለሰንደቅ ዓላማዬ ዘብ የምቆም ህዝባዊ ፖሊስ ነኝ" ብለዋል።
በሰቆጣ ከተማ ለ22 ዓመታት የኖሩት ዋና ሳጅን ትዕግስት ከአሁኑ የሀገሪቱ ወቅታዊ ሁኔታ ጋር ተያይዞ ምንም አይነት ችግር እንዳላጋጠማቸው ገልጸው፤ በመከላከያ ሰራዊት ላይ የተፈጸመውን ጥቃት በጽኑ እንደሚያወግዙት ለኢዜአ ተናግረዋል።
"መከላከያ ሀገር ነው፤ ብሔር የለውም ዘር የለውም እሱ እንዲበተን አልፈልግም፤ ሀገርን የሚጠብቅ ሰው ሲሞት በጣም አዝኛለሁ" ያሉት ዋና ሳጅን ትዕግስት ረዳ፤ መንግስት እያካሄደ ያለው የህግ ማስከበር ዘመቻ ተጠናክሮ መቀጠል እንዳለበት ገልጸዋል።
የህወሃት ከፍተኛ አመራሮች የግል ጥቅማቸውን ለማስጠበቅ ሲሉ የትግራይን ወጣት ለጦርነት መማገዳቸው ለትግራይ ህዝብ ደንታ እንደሌላቸው ማሳያ እንደሆነም ጠቅሰዋል።
"በወንጀል የሚፈለጉ የህወሃት አመራሮች በሰላም እጃቸውን እንዲሰጡ ለሁለተኛ ጊዜ በመንግስት በኩል የቀረበላቸውን የሰላም ጥሪ በመቀበል ህዝባቸውን ከተጋረጠበት አደጋ ሊታደጉት ይገባል" ብለዋል።
ወንድማቸው አቶ ጌታቸው ረዳ የህወሃት ጁንታ አመራር በመሆናቸው እንደሚያዝኑ የሚናገሩት ዋና ሳጅን ትዕግስት ረዳ፤ እሳቸው የአፍላነት እድሜያቸውን በትግል ያሳለፉት ለሀገር አንድነት ባላቸው ጽኑ እምነት መሆኑን ገልጸዋል።
ለግል ጥቅም ህዝብን አደጋ ላይ የሚጥለው የህወሃት ጁንታ አመራር አባል በሆኑት ወንድማቸው ድርጊት እንደሚያዝኑም ገልጸዋል።
ወንድማቸው ሁሉም ህዝብ የራሳቸው መሆኑን በመረዳት ዘብ ሊቆሙለት ይገባ እንደነበረም በመጥቀስ ወቅሰዋል።
እሳቸው በትግል ቢያሳልፉም ቀድሞውኑ የትግል ተሞክሮ የሌላቸውና መምህር የነበሩት የጁንታው አመራር ወንድማቸው እስከ አሁን ለሰሩት ጥፋት ህግ እንደሚዳኛቸው ያላቸውን እምነት ገልጸዋል።  

Source:  ኢዜአ

Handwashing facilities are not available in many schools

Informed 3 days ago (Wed, November 25, 2020 at 02:59 PM)

For the past two decades access to water, sanitation and hygiene services has steadily increased in many parts of the world. But inequality in access persists in some low- and middle- income countries. People living in rural areas, and people from the poorest households are more likely to be disadvantaged in access to water and sanitation services. Access to safely managed water and sanitation services is a crucial part of sustainable development, but many countries still lack the data needed to measure progress.  

Source:  World Bank

UPCOMING: International Day of Persons with Disabilities: Building a more disability-inclusive, accessible and sustainable post-COVID-19 world

Informed 3 days ago (Wed, November 25, 2020 at 02:48 PM)

As COVID-19 continues to have wide-reaching impacts, one question looms large: how we can address the long-standing systemic inequalities that it has laid bare? Join us on Dec. 3rd, the International Day of Persons with Disabilities, and hear from disability champions from around the world. The event will feature experts, policymakers, and disability champions, including Judith Heumann from Netflix’s Crip Camp documentary, along with inspiring artists.  

Source:  World Bank

How is the pandemic affecting remittances to fragile and conflict affected settings?

Informed 3 days ago (Wed, November 25, 2020 at 02:45 PM)

Over 50 million international migrants and refugees come from countries affected by fragility and conflict (FCS). So far, government responses to the COVID-19 crisis have largely focused on helping their own citizens. But there is a strong case for including migrants and refugee populations in the health response in countries where they live, given that the virus does not differentiate between citizens and others.  

Source:  World Bank

What can phone surveys tell us about the impacts of COVID-19 on households?

Informed 3 days ago (Wed, November 25, 2020 at 02:41 PM)

Phone surveys show that long-term impacts of the COVID-19 crisis can be lasting: lost months of learning, nutritional deficiencies, and difficulty in accessing health care can affect inequality of opportunity, social mobility and productivity.  

Source:  World Bank

AI helps scientists understand brain activity behind thoughts

Informed 3 days ago (Wed, November 25, 2020 at 12:47 PM)

A team led by researchers at Baylor College of Medicine and Rice University has developed artificial intelligence (AI) models that help them better understand the brain computations that underlie thoughts. This is new, because until now there has been no method to measure thoughts. The researchers first developed a new model that can estimate thoughts by evaluating behavior, and then tested their model on a trained artificial brain where they found neural activity associated with those estimates of thoughts.  

Source:  Baylor College of Medicine





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