Askwala



You shall know the fact, and it will set you free!




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Pillars of Islam

Five Pillars of Islam:

1. Declaration of faith: There is no deity (divine being) except Allah, and Muhammad is the Prophet of Allah

2. Salat: Five daily ritual prayers

3. Zakat: Charity

4. Sawm: Fasting during Ramadan

5. Hajj: Pilgrima... Read more

TECHNIQUES FOR GENERATING IDEAS

In general, entrepreneurs identify more ideas than opportunities because many ideas are typically generated to find the best way to capitalize on an opportunity. Several techniques can be used to stimulate and facilitate the generation of new ideas f... Read more

The 3 sources of business ideas

1. Observing Trends

The first approach to identifying opportunities is to observe trends and study how they create opportunities for entrepreneurs to pursue. The most important trends to follow are economic trends, social trends, technological adv... Read more

The 3 sources of business ideas
Success depends on Well Concentrated Efforts

The Successful Lives Are the Concentrated Lives.  

Concentration means success, because you are better able to govern yourself and centralize your mind; you become more in earnest in what you do and this almost invariably improves your chances f... Read more

Scientists Reveal Two Simple Words That Can Improve Your Relationship

The research found that greater levels of perceived gratitude protect couples from common stressors such as ineffective arguing and financial problems and promote relationship stability.

• The power of “thank you” – Feeling appreciated by ... Read more

Scientists Reveal Two Simple Words That Can Improve Your Relationship
Study: People With Depression Are Less Likely To Have Children

Depression is a mental health condition characterized by persistent feelings of sadness, hopelessness, and lack of interest or pleasure in activities. It can also cause physical symptoms such as fatigue, changes in appetite and sleep patterns, and di... Read more

Study: People With Depression Are Less Likely To Have Children
Writing a thank-you note is more powerful than you think

Writing thank-you notes is not just good manners. It can have a strong psychological effect for both the sender and receiver, suggests research published in the September 2018 issue of Psychological Science.

While most people consider showing an ... Read more

Writing a thank-you note is more powerful than you think
Giving thanks can make you happier

Each holiday season comes with high expectations for a cozy and festive time of year. However, for many this time of year is tinged with sadness, anxiety, or depression. Certainly, major depression or a severe anxiety disorder benefits most from prof... Read more

Eating Ultra-Processed “Ready-To-Eat-or-Heat” Foods Linked to Premature Death

A new study found that increased consumption of ultra-processed foods was associated with more than 10% of all-cause premature, preventable deaths in Brazil in 2019. This is especially alarming, because Brazilians consume far less of these products t... Read more

Eating Ultra-Processed “Ready-To-Eat-or-Heat” Foods Linked to Premature Death
Study shows the power of 'thank you' for couples

Gratitude has been a trendy sentiment in recent years – sparking an industry of journals, knickknacks and T-shirts touting thankfulness as a positive force in individuals’ lives.

New research suggests that gratitude from one’s partner may be... Read more

Mini relaxation technique to overcome grief

Dealing with grief and loss is extremely stressful. During this time it may help to take mini-relaxation breaks. If you have three minutes, try this: While seated, take a break to check your body for tension. Relax your facial muscles and allow your ... Read more

Mini relaxation technique to overcome grief
Scientists: Put Down Your Devices and Let Your Mind Wander

Taking some time to just sit and think might be far more enjoyable than you expect.

People don’t realize how enjoyable it is to sit and think.

According to research from the American Psychological Association, people often underestimate how m... Read more

Scientists: Put Down Your Devices and Let Your Mind Wander
Using digital media to relax is related to lower-quality parenting

Caregivers who consume digital media for relaxation are more likely to engage in negative parenting practices, according to a new multinational study.

The new study led by the University of Waterloo aimed to investigate the relationship between ... Read more

Using digital media to relax is related to lower-quality parenting
Vitamin B6 supplements could reduce anxiety and depression

Taking high-dose Vitamin B6 tablets has been shown to reduce feelings of anxiety and depression by new research.

Scientists at the University of Reading measured the impact of high doses of Vitamin B6 on young adults and found that they reported ... Read more

Cyberbullying puts targeted adolescents at risk for suicide, study suggests

Beyond the many stressors that young adolescents face, being a target of cyberbullying is an independent risk factor for suicide -- above and beyond traditional offline bullying, according to a study released Monday.

That's the finding of a new st... Read more

Two Potentially Habitable Earth-Like Planets Discovered Around a Star Near the Sun

  4 weeks ago (Tue, Dec 27, 2022 at 09:35 PM)

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An international scientific team led by researchers at the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC) has discovered the presence of two planets with Earth-like masses in orbit around the star GJ 1002, a red dwarf not far from the Solar System. Both planets are in the habitability zone of the star

“Nature seems bent on showing us that Earth-like planets are very common. With these two we now know 7 in planetary systems quite near to the Sun” explains Alejandro Suárez Mascareño, an IAC researcher, who is the first author of the study published in the journal Astronomy & Astrophysi...     Learn More ››








NASA’s Orion Spacecraft Will Soon Enter Earth’s Atmosphere at Nearly 25,000 Mph – What Will Happen Next?

  1 month ago (Tue, Dec 13, 2022 at 08:07 AM)

NASA’s Orion spacecraft will splash down in the Pacific Ocean on Sunday at 9:39 a.m. PST (12:39 p.m. EST), bringing an end to a several-week-long journey 40,000 miles beyond the moon and back. During its historic mission, Orion reached a record-setting distance of 268,563 miles (432,210 km) from Earth, beating the previous record set by Apollo 13 in 1970. Space buffs can tune into NASA’s live stream with coverage beginning at 8 a.m. PST (11 a.m. EST) to witness some extreme physics—what will be the last leg of the historic Artemis I mission, which launched from Kennedy Space Center in Fl...     Learn More ››








Seismic Waves Reveal Surprising New Information About Mars

  2 months ago (Wed, Dec 07, 2022 at 08:13 PM)

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Researchers have observed seismic waves traveling throughout the surface of a planet other than Earth for the first time after two large meteorite impacts on Mars.

Researchers at ETH Zurich’s Marsquake Service have been studying data from the NASA InSight mission’s seismometer on one of our neighboring planets. For over three years, the only seismic waves identified on Mars were those that traveled through the planet’s depths from each quake’s focus or hypocenter. However, the scientists had always hoped for an event that would also cause waves to move throughout the planet’s surf...     Learn More ››








New Research Indicates That Mars Was Capable of Supporting Life

  2 months ago (Wed, Nov 30, 2022 at 07:50 PM)

Early Mars might have been a warm version of modern Titan and at least as promising, if not more promising, as a location for the origin of life.

A new study reveals that Mars was born wet, with a dense atmosphere allowing warm-to-hot oceans for millions of years. This discovery was recently published in the journal Earth and Planetary Science Letters. To arrive at this conclusion, researchers created the first model of the evolution of the Martian atmosphere, which links the high temperatures associated with Mars’ molten formation to the creation of the first oceans and atmosphere.

Be...     Learn More ››








Astronomers discover closest black hole to Earth

  3 months ago (Mon, Nov 07, 2022 at 01:37 PM)

Black holes are the most extreme objects in the universe. Supermassive versions of these unimaginably dense objects likely reside at the centers of all large galaxies. Stellar-mass black holes—which weigh approximately five to 100 times the mass of the sun—are much more common, with an estimated 100 million in the Milky Way alone.

Only a handful have been confirmed to date, however, and nearly all of these are "active"—meaning they shine brightly in X-rays as they consume material from a nearby stellar companion, unlike dormant black holes which do not.

Astronomers using ...     Learn More ››








Mars Is Alive!

  3 months ago (Sun, Nov 06, 2022 at 10:15 PM)

Until now, Mars has generally been considered a geologically dead planet. An international team of scientists now reports that seismic signals indicate vulcanism still plays an active role in shaping the Martian surface.

Ever since the NASA InSight Mission deployed the SEIS seismometer on the surface of Mars in 2018, seismologists and geophysicists at ETH Zurich have been listening to the seismic pings of more than 1,300 marsquakes. Again and again, the researchers registered smaller and larger Mars quakes. A detailed analysis of the quakes’ location and spectral character eventually brou...     Learn More ››








How Did the Earth and Moon Form? The Surprising Role of Magnetism

  3 months ago (Sat, Nov 05, 2022 at 02:22 PM)

According to a new scientific assessment, a peculiar property of the Earth’s magnetic field could help us to work out how our planet was created 4.5 billion years ago.

How did the Earth and Moon form? There are several major theories, most involving a giant impact. They range from a scenario where the impacting object strikes the newly formed Earth with a glancing blow and then escapes, through to one where the collision is so energetic that both the impactor and the Earth are vaporized.

Now researchers at the University of Leeds and the University of Chicago have analyzed the dynamics...     Learn More ››








New Evidence for Liquid Water on Mars

  3 months ago (Wed, Nov 02, 2022 at 04:29 AM)

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Prior research has suggested that there is water beneath the south polar ice cap of Mars.

New evidence from an international research team suggests that there may be liquid water under Mars’ south polar ice cap.

The researchers, led by the University of Cambridge, utilized laser-altimeter data from spacecraft to uncover subtle patterns in the ice cap’s height. After that, they demonstrated how these patterns corresponded to computer model predictions of the effects that a body of water under the ice cap would have on the surface.

Their findings are consistent with prior ice-penetr...     Learn More ››








NASA’s Lunar Flashlight Ready to Search for Water Ice on the Moon

  3 months ago (Wed, Nov 02, 2022 at 04:22 AM)

 NASA
Image name: NASA-Lunar-Flashlight-Over-Moon.jpg Image size: 20kb Download.

This illustration shows NASA’s Lunar Flashlight over the Moon. The SmallSat mission will have a very elongated orbit, taking it within 9 miles (15 kilometers) above the lunar South Pole to search for water ice in the Moon’s darkest craters.

Set for launch in November, Lunar Flashlight is a small satellite mission that will use lasers to search for water ice inside the darkest craters at the Moon’s South Pole.

Although it’s understood that water ice exists below the lunar regolith (broken rock and dust), scientists don’t yet know whether surface ice frost covers the floors insid...     Learn More ››








SHIELD: Why NASA Is Trying to Crash Land on Mars

  3 months ago (Mon, Oct 24, 2022 at 04:56 PM)

 NASA
The experimental SHIELD lander is designed to absorb a hard impact like a car’s crumple zone.

NASA has successfully landed spacecraft on Mars nine times, using cutting-edge parachutes, massive airbags, and jetpacks to safely touch down on the surface. Now engineers are investigating whether or not crashing is the easiest way to get to the Martian surface.

Rather than slow a spacecraft’s high-speed descent before touching down, an experimental lander design called SHIELD (Simplified High Impact Energy Landing Device) would use an accordion-like, collapsible base that acts like the cru...     Learn More ››








Surprising Results From NASA’s IXPE Help Unlock the Secrets of Famous Exploded Star

  3 months ago (Fri, Oct 21, 2022 at 10:18 AM)

 NASA
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Using NASA’s Imaging X-ray Polarimetry Explorer (IXPE), astronomers have, for the first time, measured and mapped polarized X-rays from the remains of an exploded star. The findings come from observations of Cassiopeia A, a famous stellar remnant. The results shed new light on the nature of young supernova remnants, which accelerate particles close to the speed of light.

Launched on December 9, 2021, IXPE, a collaboration between NASA and the Italian Space Agency, is the first satellite that can measure the polarization of X-ray light with this level of sensitivity and clarity. It was des...     Learn More ››








An Underground Ocean? Scientists Discover Water Deep Within Earth

  3 months ago (Fri, Oct 21, 2022 at 10:05 AM)

An international research team led by a Goethe University professor analyzes diamond inclusions.

The boundary layer between the upper and lower mantles of the Earth is known as the transition zone (TZ). It is located between 410 and 660 kilometers (between 255 and 410 miles) under the surface. The olive-green mineral olivine, commonly known as peridot, which makes up around 70% of the Earth’s upper mantle, changes its crystalline structure at the extreme pressure of up to 23,000 bar in the TZ. At a depth of around 410 kilometers (255 miles), at the upper edge of the transition zone, it ch...     Learn More ››








New Discovery Indicates an Alternative Gravity Theory

  3 months ago (Wed, Oct 19, 2022 at 08:52 AM)

Disturbances in the dwarf galaxies of one of Earth’s closest galaxy clusters point to a different gravity theory.

Dwarf galaxies are small, faint galaxies that are often found in or close to bigger galaxies or galaxy clusters. As a result, they could be impacted by their larger companions’ gravitational effects.

“We introduce an innovative way of testing the standard model based on how much dwarf galaxies are disturbed by gravitational tides’ from nearby larger galaxies,” said Elena Asencio, a Ph.D. student at the University of Bonn and the lead author of the story.

Tides oc...     Learn More ››








Signs of Water on Mars Might Actually Be an Indication of Something Else

  3 months ago (Fri, Oct 14, 2022 at 05:15 PM)

Astronomers explain Mars’ watery reflections.

Bright
reflections under Mars’ South Pole’s surface, according to Cornell University astronomers, are more likely to be the result of geological layers than liquid water.

The researchers published their findings in the journal Nature Astronomy.

“On Earth, reflections that bright are often an indication of liquid water, even buried lakes like Lake Vostok,” said Dan Lalich, research associate. “But on Mars, the prevailing opinion was that it should be too cold for similar lakes to form.”

But the fact remains, Lalich stated,...     Learn More ››








NASA’s Planet Hunter Tess Goes Into Safe Mode – What We Know at This Time

  3 months ago (Fri, Oct 14, 2022 at 04:43 PM)

 NASA
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NASA’s Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) entered into safe mode on Monday, October 10. The spacecraft is in a stable configuration that suspends science observations. A preliminary investigation has revealed that the TESS flight computer experienced a reset.

The TESS operations team reported that science data not yet sent to the ground appears to be safely stored on the satellite. Recovery procedures and investigations are underway to resume normal operations, which could take several days.

TESS launched in April 2018 and has since discovered more than 250 exoplanets – wor...     Learn More ››








NASA’s SpaceX Crew-4 Departure From Space Station Delayed Due to Weather

  3 months ago (Fri, Oct 14, 2022 at 04:35 PM)

 NASA
Crew-4 was scheduled to undock from the space station at 7:05 p.m. EDT today to begin their journey back to Earth. They would have splashed down at around 5:41 p.m. on Thursday, October 13. However, due to poor weather near the splashdown zones, the return home has been delayed. Crew-4 has been onboard the ISS since April 27.

NASA and SpaceX now are targeting no earlier than 10:05 a.m. EDT Thursday, October 13, for Crew-4 undocking from the International Space Station (ISS) aboard the Dragon Freedom crew ship. That will kick off the return trip to Earth completing a nearly six-month science...     Learn More ››








International Space Station Crew Prepares to Split Up While Research Continues

  4 months ago (Wed, Oct 12, 2022 at 04:52 PM)

 NASA
Tuesday was a busy day aboard the International Space Station (ISS) as the 11 crew members split their time between advanced space research and maintenance of the orbital lab. Four astronauts also began turning their attention to returning home to Earth, ending a mission that began in April.

Two of the new Expedition 68 crewmates focused their science activities on growing crops in space and maneuvering free-flying robots. For the XROOTS space botany study, NASA Flight Engineer Frank Rubio nourished vegetables and photographed their growth progress. The experiment investigates using hydropo...     Learn More ››








New Discoveries Could Reveal the Nature of Dark Matter

  4 months ago (Wed, Oct 12, 2022 at 04:47 PM)

The dozens of newly identified gravitational lenses could also reveal ancient galaxies.

Earlier this year, a machine learning algorithm detected up to 5,000 possible gravitational lenses, which could transform our ability to chart the evolution of galaxies since the Big Bang.

Kim-Vy Tran of ASTRO 3D and the University of New South Wales (UNSW) and colleagues have now evaluated 77 of the lenses using the Keck Observatory in Hawaii and the Very Large Telescope in Chile. Her international team verified that 68 of the 77 are strong gravitational lenses spanning immense cosmic distances.

T...     Learn More ››








This Week @NASA: SpaceX Crew-5 Launches to Space Station, Webb & Hubble Team Up, Intense Solar Flare

  4 months ago (Mon, Oct 10, 2022 at 05:31 PM)

 NASA
NASA’s SpaceX Crew-5 mission launched to the International Space Station (ISS) on October 5. Crew-5 will spend six months on the station conducting research and technology demonstrations that benefit people on Earth and lays the groundwork for future Artemis human exploration missions to the Moon and eventually to Mars.  








Behold! The World’s Next Supercontinent, Amasia

  4 months ago (Mon, Oct 10, 2022 at 03:10 PM)

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New research has found that the world’s next supercontinent, Amasia, will most likely form when the Pacific Ocean closes in 200 to 300 million years.

A Curtin University-led research team used a supercomputer to simulate how a supercontinent forms. They discovered that because the Earth has been cooling for billions of years, the thickness and strength of the plates under the oceans reduce with time, making it difficult for the next supercontinent to assemble by closing the “young” oceans, such as the Atlantic or Indian oceans. The study was published recently in National Science Revi...     Learn More ››








Laughing gas found in space could mean life

  4 months ago (Mon, Oct 10, 2022 at 02:27 PM)

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Scientists at UC Riverside are suggesting something is missing from the typical roster of chemicals that astrobiologists use to search for life on planets around other stars—laughing gas.

Chemical compounds in a planet's atmosphere that could indicate life, called biosignatures, typically include gases found in abundance in Earth's atmosphere today.

"There's been a lot of thought put into oxygen and methane as biosignatures. Fewer researchers have seriously considered nitrous oxide, but we think that may be a mistake," said Eddie Schwieterman, an astrobiologist in UCR's Depar...     Learn More ››








Key Building Block for Life Likely Discovered on One of Saturn’s Moons

  4 months ago (Sun, Oct 09, 2022 at 07:31 AM)

The subsurface ocean of Saturn’s moon is most likely rich in phosphorus, a key component for life.

The hunt for extraterrestrial life has just become more intriguing as a group of researchers led by Dr. Christopher Glein of the Southwest Research Institute found new evidence of a key building block for life in the subsurface ocean of Saturn’s moon Enceladus. According to new modeling, Enceladus’ ocean should be quite rich in dissolved phosphorus, a crucial ingredient for life.

“Enceladus is one of the prime targets in humanity’s search for life in our solar system,” said Gl...     Learn More ››








Europe can rapidly eliminate imports of Russian natural gas

  4 months ago (Fri, Oct 07, 2022 at 03:21 PM)

Engineers develop a model to analyze pathways to full independence from Russian natural gas.

Using a new power sector model, a team of researchers, including faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York, have proposed a method for Europe to eliminate natural gas imports from Russia.

The Russian invasion of Ukraine has highlighted the depth of Europe’s dependence on Russian natural gas imports. The REPowerEU plan, released by the European Commission, maps a European Union-wide pathway to reduce Russian natural imports by two-thirds by the end of 2022, with the complete...     Learn More ››








Super-Earth Found Near the Habitable Zone of Red Dwarf

  4 months ago (Tue, Oct 04, 2022 at 03:42 PM)

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The green region represents the habitable zone where liquid water can exist on the planetary surface. The planetary orbit is shown as a blue line. Ross 508 b skims the inner edge of the habitable zone (solid line), possibly crossing into the habitable zone for part of the orbit (dashed line). Credit: Astrobiology Center

A new super-Earth planet was found 37 light years from Earth.
Only 37 light-years from Earth, a super-Earth planet has been discovered close to a red dwarf star’s habitable zone. This is the first finding made by a brand-new instrument on the Subaru Telescope, and it pres...     Learn More ››








Hubble Space Telescope Detects Protective Shield Defending a Pair of Dwarf Galaxies

  4 months ago (Mon, Oct 03, 2022 at 01:54 PM)

Researchers confirm the existence of the elusive Magellanic Corona, a protective halo of hot, ionized gas previously known only in theory.
For billions of years, the Milky Way’s most massive cosmic companions – the Large and Small Magellanic Clouds – have been on a tumultuous journey through space, orbiting one another while being torn by the gravitational pull of our own galaxy.

Recent theoretical predictions indicate that these dwarf satellite galaxies must be protected by a pervasive shield that prevents the Milky Way from removing their essential star-forming gas. This so-called ...     Learn More ››








Webb, Hubble Capture Detailed Views of DART Impact

  4 months ago (Sun, Oct 02, 2022 at 10:50 AM)

Two of NASA’s Great Observatories, the James Webb Space Telescope and the Hubble Space Telescope, have captured views of a unique NASA experiment designed to intentionally smash a spacecraft into a small asteroid in the world’s first-ever in-space test for planetary defense. These observations of NASA’s Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) impact mark the first time that Webb and Hubble simultaneously observed the same celestial target.  








Scientists Detect a Neighboring Galaxy Filled With Dark Matter

  4 months ago (Thu, Sep 29, 2022 at 02:44 PM)

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Researchers have used gamma rays to detect a small neighboring galaxy.

According to a new study recently published in the journal Nature Astronomy, an international team of researchers has discovered a small satellite galaxy of the Milky Way filled with dark matter, but its emissions are more likely the consequence of millisecond pulsars shooting out cosmic particles.

The center of our galaxy is blowing a pair of enormous gamma radiation bubbles spanning 50,000 light-years (magenta structures in the image above). This hourglass-shaped phenomenon was seen using the Fermi Gamma-ray Space ...     Learn More ››








Successful Impact! NASA’s DART Mission Hits Asteroid in Historic Planetary Defense Test

  4 months ago (Thu, Sep 29, 2022 at 02:19 PM)

 NASA
After 10 months of flying through space, NASA’s Double Asteroid Redirection Test (DART) successfully impacted its asteroid target on Monday, September 26, 2022. It was NASA’s first attempt to move an asteroid in space and the world’s first planetary defense technology demonstration.

Mission control at the Johns Hopkins Applied Physics Laboratory (APL) in Laurel, Maryland, announced the successful impact at 7:14 p.m. EDT (4:14 p.m. PDT).

As a part of NASA’s overall planetary defense strategy, DART’s collision with the asteroid Dimorphos demonstrates a feasible mitigation techniq...     Learn More ››








Artificial Intelligence Reduces a 100,000-Equation Quantum Physics Problem to Only Four Equations

  4 months ago (Wed, Sep 28, 2022 at 02:41 PM)

Researchers at the Flatiron Institute and their colleagues trained a machine learning tool to capture the physics of electrons moving on a lattice using far fewer equations than would typically be required, all without sacrificing accuracy.

Using artificial intelligence, physicists have compressed a daunting quantum problem that until now required 100,000 equations into a bite-size task of as few as four equations — all without sacrificing accuracy. The work, published in the September 23 issue of Physical Review Letters, could revolutionize how scientists investigate systems containing m...     Learn More ››








Astronomers map distances to 56,000 galaxies, largest-ever catalog

  4 months ago (Wed, Sep 28, 2022 at 02:09 PM)

How old is our universe, and what is its size? A team of researchers led by University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa astronomers Brent Tully and Ehsan Kourkchi from the Institute for Astronomy have assembled the largest-ever compilation of high-precision galaxy distances, called Cosmicflows-4. Using eight different methods, they measured the distances to a whopping 56,000 galaxies. The study is being published in the Astrophysical Journal.

Galaxies, such as the Milky Way, are the building blocks of the universe, each comprised of up to several hundred billion stars. Galaxies beyond our immediate ne...     Learn More ››








China discovers rare lunar crystal and nuclear power source on near side of the moon

  4 months ago (Mon, Sep 26, 2022 at 05:50 AM)

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Researchers in China have discovered a new type of crystal nestled among the volcanic debris of the near side of the moon, as well as a potential fuel source that could help revolutionize the production of clean and efficient energy on Earth.

The small, transparent crystal — named Changesite-(Y), after the Chinese moon goddess Chang'e — is more than a billion years old and is as wide as a human hair, according to Global Times, a Chinese state-run news site. In early September, researchers with the International Mineralogical Association confirmed that the tiny moon crystal has a never-b...     Learn More ››








Don’t Miss: Jupiter To Reach Opposition, Closest Approach to Earth in 59 Years!

  4 months ago (Fri, Sep 23, 2022 at 02:49 PM)

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When Jupiter reaches opposition on Monday, September 26, stargazers can expect incredible views of Jupiter the entire night. From the viewpoint of Earth’s surface, opposition occurs when an astronomical object rises in the east as the Sun sets in the west, placing the object and the Sun on opposite sides of Earth.

Every 13 months, Jupiter is in opposition, making it look bigger and brighter than at any other time of the year.

But that’s not all. This time, Jupiter will also make its closest approach to Earth in the last 59 years. This happens because Earth and Jupiter do not orbit th...     Learn More ››








Saturn’s rings and tilt could be the product of an ancient, missing moon

  4 months ago (Fri, Sep 16, 2022 at 04:55 PM)

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Swirling around the planet’s equator, the rings of Saturn are a dead giveaway that the planet is spinning at a tilt. The belted giant rotates at a 26.7-degree angle relative to the plane in which it orbits the sun. Astronomers have long suspected that this tilt comes from gravitational interactions with its neighbor Neptune, as Saturn’s tilt precesses, like a spinning top, at nearly the same rate as the orbit of Neptune.

But a new modeling study by astronomers at MIT and elsewhere has found that, while the two planets may have once been in sync, Saturn has since escaped Neptune’s pull...     Learn More ››








Where do High-Energy Particles That Endanger Satellites, Astronauts and Airplanes Come From?

  4 months ago (Thu, Sep 15, 2022 at 10:58 AM)

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New research by Columbia University astrophysicists Luca Comisso and Lorenzo Sironi shows how and when these particles form and offers clues to questions that have troubled scientists since the 1940s.

For decades, scientists have been trying to solve a vexing problem about the weather in outer space: At unpredictable times, high-energy particles bombard the earth and objects outside the earth’s atmosphere with radiation that can endanger the lives of astronauts and destroy satellites’ electronic equipment. These flare-ups can even trigger showers of radiation strong enough to reach pass...     Learn More ››








'We can find life outside the solar system in 25 years,' researcher says

  4 months ago (Tue, Sep 13, 2022 at 03:54 PM)

New instruments are currently being developed that will supercharge our search for life across the Milky Way galaxy.

We haven't found life on Mars yet, but one researcher believes we might be able to detect evidence of it on planets outside of the solar system within the next quarter of a century.

Sasha Quanz, an astrophysicist at Switzerland's federal technology institute ETH Zurich, made those remarks at a recent opening of the university's new Center for the Origin and Prevalence of Life.

Speaking at a press briefing on Sept. 2, Quanz detailed the technology projects that are now i...     Learn More ››








NASA will slam a spacecraft into an asteroid. This tiny witness will show us what happens.

  4 months ago (Tue, Sep 13, 2022 at 03:44 PM)

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When NASA's DART spacecraft smashes into asteroid Dimorphos on Sept. 26, it will have a silent witness: An Italian cubesat called LICIACube will watch the ground-breaking experiment in real time for eager scientists on Earth.

LICIACube, or the Light Italian Cubesat for Imaging of Asteroids, is a 31-pound (14 kilograms) micro-satellite that has hitched a ride on DART (the Double Asteroid Redirection Test) to the Didymos-Dimorphos binary asteroid system. DART deployed the cubesat on Sunday (Sept. 11) at 7:14 p.m. EDT (2314 GMT) to give LICIACube 15 days to assume a safe position to observe DA...     Learn More ››








New polar ring galaxy discovered

  5 months ago (Mon, Sep 12, 2022 at 03:05 PM)

Japanese astronomers report the detection of a new polar ring galaxy using the data obtained with the Subaru Telescope as part of the Hyper Suprime-Cam Subaru Strategic Program (HSC-SSP).

The so-called polar ring galaxies (PRGs) are systems composed of an S0-like galaxy and a polar ring, which remain separate for billions of years. In general, these outer polar rings, composed of gas and stars, are aligned roughly in a perpendicular orientation with respect to the major axis of the central host galaxy.

However, although more than 400 PRG candidates have been discovered to date, only doze...     Learn More ››








Astronauts' blood shows signs of DNA mutations due to spaceflight

  5 months ago (Thu, Sep 08, 2022 at 05:32 PM)

The researchers stored astronaut blood for 20 years to see how short space shuttle flights affected spaceflyer health.

Astronaut cancer risk needs careful monitoring, concludes a study that stored spaceflyer blood for 20 years.

All fourteen astronauts in the study, from NASA's space shuttle program, had DNA mutations in blood-forming stem cells, a Nature Communications Biology study Aug. 31 concluded. The mutations, though unusually high considering the astronauts' age, was below a key threshold of concern, however.

While the study is unique for keeping astronaut blood around for so l...     Learn More ››








Webb telescope captures new detail of Phantom Galaxy

  5 months ago (Mon, Sep 05, 2022 at 03:43 PM)

Image name: the-phantom-galaxy-is.jpg Image size: 133kb Download.

The Phantom Galaxy is a "favorite target for astronomers studying the origin and structure of galactic spirals," NASA and the ESA said.

The James Webb space telescope has revealed dazzling new detail of a previously known slice of the cosmos 32 million light-years away, in a new picture released by NASA and the European Space Agency (ESA).

The infrared technology of the telescope, launched in December 2021, has allowed for an even clearer view of the so-called Phantom Galaxy than astronomers had ever seen before.

"Webb's sharp vision has revealed delicate filaments of g...     Learn More ››








SU(N) matter is about 3 billion times colder than deep space

  5 months ago (Fri, Sep 02, 2022 at 04:52 PM)

Japanese and U.S. physicists have used atoms about 3 billion times colder than interstellar space to open a portal to an unexplored realm of quantum magnetism.

“Unless an alien civilization is doing experiments like these right now, anytime this experiment is running at Kyoto University it is making the coldest fermions in the universe,” said Rice University’s Kaden Hazzard, corresponding theory author of astudy published today in Nature Physics. “ Fermions are not rare particles. They include things like electrons and are one of two types of particles that all matter is made of.”...     Learn More ››








Astronomers have detected one of the biggest black hole jets in the sky

  5 months ago (Wed, Aug 31, 2022 at 02:26 PM)

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Astronomers at Western Sydney University have discovered one of the biggest black hole jets in the sky.

Spanning more than a million light years from end to end, the jet shoots away from a black hole with enormous energy, and at almost the speed of light. But in the vast expanses of space between galaxies, it doesn't always get its own way.

Taking a closer look

At a mere 93 million light-years away, the galaxy NGC2663 is in our neighborhood, cosmically speaking. If our galaxy were a house, NGC2663 would be a suburb or two away.

Looking at its starlight with an ordinary telescope, w...     Learn More ››








Dark energy remains a mystery as Einstein's theory of gravity passes another test

  5 months ago (Tue, Aug 30, 2022 at 02:43 PM)

Scientists are still coming up empty in the hunt for flaws in Einstein's theory of general relativity that could explain the mysterious force driving the accelerating expansion of the universe.

The researchers studied 100 million galaxies looking for signs that the strength of gravity has varied throughout the universe's history or over vast cosmic distances. Any sign of such a change would indicate that Einstein's theory of general relativity is incomplete or in need of revision. Variation could also shed light on what dark energy is, beyond that it's the name scientists give to whatever ...     Learn More ››








Artemis 1 moon rocket might still fly this week, NASA says

  5 months ago (Tue, Aug 30, 2022 at 12:51 PM)

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NASA's Artemis 1 mission might still launch toward the moon this week, despite today's hiccup.

The highly anticipated Artemis 1 was supposed to lift off this morning (Aug. 29), sending an uncrewed Orion capsule toward the moon atop the agency's giant new Space Launch System (SLS) rocket from Kennedy Space Center in Florida. But the Artemis 1 team encountered an issue with one of the four RS-25 engines in the SLS' core stage during the countdown and ended up scrubbing the attempt.

The next possible opportunity to launch Artemis 1 comes on Friday (Sept. 2), and NASA officials say they have...     Learn More ››








NASA delays launch of Artemis I after multiple issues

  5 months ago (Tue, Aug 30, 2022 at 12:30 PM)

 UPI
After years of conceptualizing, planning and testing, NASA on Monday hoped to take the initial operational step toward returning human astronauts to the moon for the first time in a half-century -- but technical issues grounded the historic flight.

Artemis I, the long-awaited first mission that will pave the way for humans to return to the lunar surface, was scheduled to lift off at the Kennedy Space Center on Monday aboard the massive new Space Launch System for a 42-day mission to send the Orion spacecraft to the moon and back.

The launch window opened at 8:33 a.m. EDT from Complex 39B...     Learn More ››








Webb telescope makes first unequivocal detection of carbon dioxide in an exoplanet atmosphere

  5 months ago (Mon, Aug 29, 2022 at 03:10 PM)

For the first time, astronomers have found unambiguous evidence of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere of an exoplanet (a planet outside our solar system).

The discovery, accepted for publication in Nature and posted online August 25, demonstrates the power of the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) to deliver unprecedented observations of exoplanet atmospheres.

Natalie Batalha, professor of astronomy and astrophysics at UC Santa Cruz, leads the team of astronomers that made the detection, using JWST to observe a Saturn-mass planet called WASP-39b which orbits very close to a sun-like star ab...     Learn More ››








Here's what a black hole sounds like, according to NASA. Yes, it's 'frightening'

  5 months ago (Mon, Aug 29, 2022 at 11:23 AM)

NASA this week shared an audio clip on social media that allows you to "hear" a black hole.

No surprise, the sound is terrifying.

NASA Exoplanets, a team at the agency focused on planets and other information outside of our solar system, tweeted the 34-second clip on Sunday and said there's a "misconception" that there is no sound in space.

But they explained that "A galaxy cluster has so much gas that we've picked up actual sound. Here it's amplified, and mixed with other data, to hear a black hole."

You wouldn't be able to hear what a black hole real...     Learn More ››








First underground radar images from Mars Perseverance Rover reveal some surprises

  5 months ago (Mon, Aug 29, 2022 at 11:14 AM)

Image name: JezeroCraterDelta2.jpg Image size: 136kb Download.

Key takeaways:

Roving the Red Planet. NASA’s Perseverance landed on Mars in February 2021 and has been gathering data on the planet’s geology and climate and searching for signs of ancient life.

• What lies beneath. The rover’s subsurface radar experiment, co-led by UCLA’s David Paige, has returned images showing unexpected variations in rock layers beneath the Jezero crater.

• Probing the past. The variations could indicate past lava flows or possibly a river delta even older than the one currently being explored on the crater floor.

After a tantalizing year-and-a-...     Learn More ››








SpaceX Starlink satellites to beam service straight to smartphones

  5 months ago (Sun, Aug 28, 2022 at 05:16 AM)

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Elon Musk discusses Coverage Above and Beyond, a collaboration between SpaceX and T-Mobile that aims to boost cellphone connectivity by using Starlink satellites, during a presentation at SpaceX's Starbase facility in Texas on Aug. 25, 2022. (Image credit: SpaceX)

SpaceX and T-Mobile are teaming up on a connectivity plan called Coverage Above and Beyond.

SpaceX's Starlink satellite network will start beaming service straight to smartphones next year, if all goes according to plan.

Elon Musk and T-Mobile president and CEO Mike Sievert announced the plan Thursday night (Aug. 25) during ...     Learn More ››








The sands of Mars are green as well as red, rover Perseverance discovers

  5 months ago (Sun, Aug 28, 2022 at 04:45 AM)

Image name: mars-rocksLO.jpg Image size: 188kb Download.

The accepted view of Mars is red rocks and craters as far as the eye can see. That’s much what scientists expected when they landed the rover Perseverance in the Jezero Crater, a spot chosen partly for the crater’s history as a lake and as part of a rich river system, back when Mars had liquid water, air and a magnetic field.

What the rover found once on the ground was startling: Rather than the expected sedimentary rocks – washed in by rivers and accumulated on the lake bottom – many of the rocks are volcanic in nature. Specifically, they are composed of large grains of olivine, t...     Learn More ››








NASA’s Webb Detects Carbon Dioxide in Exoplanet Atmosphere

  5 months ago (Fri, Aug 26, 2022 at 02:55 PM)

NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope has captured the first clear evidence for carbon dioxide in the atmosphere of a planet outside the solar system. This observation of a gas giant planet orbiting a Sun-like star 700 light-years away provides important insights into the composition and formation of the planet. The finding, accepted for publication in Nature, offers evidence that in the future Webb may be able to detect and measure carbon dioxide in the thinner atmospheres of smaller rocky planets.

WASP-39 b is a hot gas giant with a mass roughly one-quarter that of Jupiter (about the same a...     Learn More ››








International Space Station will host a surgical robot in 2024

  5 months ago (Wed, Aug 24, 2022 at 05:56 PM)

Similar robots could one day conduct remote and autonomous surgery in deep space.

A tiny robot known as MIRA will be blasting off to the International Space Station (ISS) in 2024 to perform simulated surgical procedures in microgravity.

MIRA, or "Miniaturized in vivo Robotic Assistant," will fly to the International Space Station thanks to a $100,000 award to the University of Nebraska-Lincoln through the U.S. Department of Energy's Established Program to Stimulate Competitive Research (EPSCoR).

The technology involved could in the future provide a solution to medical emerge...     Learn More ››








NASA SCHEDULES SwRI-LED PUNCH MISSION TO LAUNCH IN 2025

  5 months ago (Wed, Aug 24, 2022 at 10:30 AM)

More than 60 engineers and scientists are gathering at Southwest Research Institute Aug. 23-24 to kick off the launch vehicle collaboration for NASA's Polarimeter to Unify the Corona and Heliosphere (PUNCH) mission. PUNCH, which will study the inception of the solar wind, has secured its ride into Earth orbit aboard a SpaceX Falcon 9, sharing a ride into space with NASA’s Spectro-Photometer for the History of the Universe, Epoch of Re-ionization, and Ices Explorer (SPHEREx) mission.

PUNCH, which consists of four suitcase-sized satellites, will study the Sun’s outer atmosphere, the coron...     Learn More ››








SpaceX Dragon Departs Space Station To Return Scientific Cargo to Earth

  5 months ago (Mon, Aug 22, 2022 at 11:17 AM)

 NASA
Image name: SpaceX-Dragon-Cargo-Craft-Backs-Away-From-Space-Station.PNG Image size: 48kb Download.

At 11:00 a.m. EDT (8:00 a.m. PDT) on Friday, August 19, flight controllers on the ground sent commands to release the uncrewed SpaceX Dragon spacecraft from the forward port of the International Space Station’s Harmony module. The station was flying about 259 miles over the Pacific Ocean at the time of release at 11:05 a.m.

The Dragon spacecraft successfully departed the space station one month after arriving at the orbiting laboratory to deliver about 5,800 pounds of cargo including crew supplies and scientific investigations.

Today, ground controllers at SpaceX in Hawthorne, Californ...     Learn More ››








NASA Identifies Lunar Landing Sites for Next Americans on Moon

  5 months ago (Mon, Aug 22, 2022 at 11:09 AM)

 NASA
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NASA has identified 13 candidate landing regions near the lunar South Pole as it prepares to send astronauts back to the Moon under the Artemis program. Each region contains multiple potential landing sites for Artemis III. This will be the first of the Artemis missions to bring astronauts to the lunar surface and will include the first woman to set foot on the Moon.

“Selecting these regions means we are one giant leap closer to returning humans to the Moon for the first time since Apollo,” said Mark Kirasich, deputy associate administrator for the Artemis Campaign Development Division ...     Learn More ››








How do we know that time exists?

  5 months ago (Mon, Aug 22, 2022 at 10:33 AM)

The alarm goes off in the morning. You catch your morning train to the office. You take a lunch break. You catch your evening train back. You go for an hour's run. Eat dinner. Go to bed. Repeat. Birthdays are celebrated, deaths commemorated. New countries are born, empires rise and fall. The whole of human existence is bound to the passing of time.

But we can't see it and we can't touch it. So, how do we know that it's really there?

"In physics, we have what we call the idea of 'absolute time' and it's used to describe different changes as a sequence of events," Koyama begins. ...     Learn More ››








Want to grow plants on Mars? High school student project finds 2 tricks for Red Planet

  5 months ago (Thu, Aug 18, 2022 at 04:09 PM)

The soil and water of Mars are normally too harsh for crops, but research led by a then-high school sophomore finds that alfalfa plants and photosynthetic bacteria might help make Martian soil and water fit enough to support farming.

Feeding crews on Mars will be a major challenge for any long-term human mission there, given the high costs of launching anything from Earth to the Red Planet. Scientists have long sought ways to raise crops on Mars, but its soil is poor in the organic nutrients most plants need to grow, and its water is extremely salty.

In the new study, researchers investi...     Learn More ››








Black hole collisions could help us measure how fast the universe is expanding

  5 months ago (Thu, Aug 18, 2022 at 03:58 PM)

Ablack hole is usually where information goes to disappear—but scientists may have found a trick to use its last moments to tell us about the history of the universe.

In a new study, two University of Chicago astrophysicists laid out a method for how to use pairs of colliding black holes to measure how fast our universe is expanding—and thus understand how the universe evolved, what it is made out of, and where it’s going.

In particular, the scientists think the new technique, which they call a “spectral siren,” may be able to tell us about the otherwise elusive “teenage” y...     Learn More ››








Ready for its close-up: New technology sharpens images of black holes

  5 months ago (Wed, Aug 17, 2022 at 11:45 AM)

Using new computational algorithms, scientists have measured a sharp ring of light predicted to originate from photons whipping around the back of a supermassive black hole.

Simulations predict that, obscured by that bright orange glow, there should exist a thin, bright ring of light created by photons flung around the back of the black hole by its intense gravity.

Now, a team of researchers has combined theoretical predictions and sophisticated imaging algorithms to "remaster" the original imagery of the supermassive black hole at the center of the galaxy M87*, first captured ...     Learn More ››








A step towards quantum gravity

  5 months ago (Mon, Aug 15, 2022 at 03:40 PM)

Resolving the problem of time

In
Einstein’s theory of general relativity, gravity arises when a massive object distorts the fabric of spacetime the way a ball sinks into a piece of stretched cloth. Solving Einstein’s equations by using quantities that apply across all space and time coordinates could enable physicists to eventually find their ‘white whale’: a quantum theory of gravity. In a new article in EPJ H: Historical Perspectives on Contemporary Physics, Donald Salisbury from Austin College in Sherman, USA, explains how Peter Bergmann and Arthur Komar first proposed a way to g...     Learn More ››








Study finds evidence that giant meteorite impacts created the continents

  5 months ago (Mon, Aug 15, 2022 at 03:34 PM)

New Curtin research has provided the strongest evidence yet that Earth’s continents were formed by giant meteorite impacts that were particularly prevalent during the first billion years or so of our planet’s four-and-a-half-billion year history.

Dr Tim Johnson, from Curtin’s School of Earth and Planetary Sciences, said the idea that the continents originally formed at sites of giant meteorite impacts had been around for decades, but until now there was little solid evidence to support the theory.

“By examining tiny crystals of the mineral zircon in rocks from the Pilbara Craton ...     Learn More ››








Making oxygen with magnets could help astronauts breathe easy

  5 months ago (Mon, Aug 15, 2022 at 03:30 PM)

New study involving University of Warwick chemist demonstrates method of using magnets to generate oxygen from water

Making oxygen in low gravity environments, such as aboard the International Space Station, is challenging and resource intensive

This method could aid the development of technology for future long-term space missions

A potentially better way to make oxygen for astronauts in space using magnetism has been proposed by an international team of scientists, including a University of Warwick chemist.

The conclusion is from new research on magnetic phase separation in micro...     Learn More ››








Hubble Sees Red Supergiant Star Betelgeuse Slowly Recovering After Blowing Its Top

  5 months ago (Sun, Aug 14, 2022 at 04:40 AM)

Analyzing data from NASA's Hubble Space Telescope and several other observatories, astronomers have concluded that the bright red supergiant star Betelgeuse quite literally blew its top in 2019, losing a substantial part of its visible surface and producing a gigantic Surface Mass Ejection (SME). This is something never before seen in a normal star's behavior.

Our Sun routinely blows off parts of its tenuous outer atmosphere, the corona, in an event known as a Coronal Mass Ejection (CME). But the Betelgeuse SME blasted off 400 billion times as much mass as a typical CME!  








Brightest stars in the night sky can strip planets to their rocky cores

  5 months ago (Sun, Aug 14, 2022 at 04:30 AM)

Over the last 25 years, astronomers have found thousands of exoplanets around stars in our galaxy, but more than 99% of them orbit smaller stars — from red dwarfs to stars slightly more massive than our sun, which is considered an average-sized star.

Few have been discovered around even more massive stars, such as A-type stars — bright blue stars twice as large as the sun — and most of the exoplanets that have been observed are the size of Jupiter or larger. Some of the brightest stars in the night sky, such as Sirius and Vega, are A-type stars.

University of California, Berkeley, ...     Learn More ››








China launches 16 commercial remote sensing and weather satellites

  6 months ago (Fri, Aug 12, 2022 at 12:17 PM)

China has carried out its ninth orbital mission within the last 30 days, sending 16 new commercial satellites into orbit with a Long March 6 rocket.

The Long March 6 rocket lifted off from Taiyuan, north China, on Wednesday (Aug. 10) at 12:50 a.m. EDT (0450 GMT, 12:50 p.m. local time), the China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC) announced(opens in new tab).

Aboard were 10 Jilin 1 high-resolution optical imaging satellites for Chang Guang Satellite Technology (CGST), a commercial satellite manufacturer and operator based in northeast China and a spinoff from the state-ow...     Learn More ››








SpaceX launches 52 Starlink satellites, lands rocket at sea

  6 months ago (Wed, Aug 10, 2022 at 10:27 AM)

SpaceX launched another big batch of its Starlink internet satellites to orbit and landed a rocket on a ship at sea on Tuesday (Aug. 9).

A two-stage Falcon 9 rocket topped with 52 Starlink spacecraft lifted off from NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida Tuesday at 10:14 p.m. EDT (0214 GMT on Aug. 10).

A little less than nine minutes after launch, the Falcon 9's first stage came back to Earth for a vertical landing on the SpaceX droneship A Shortfall of Gravitas, which was stationed in the Atlantic Ocean off the Florida coast.

The Falcon 9 upper stage, meanwhile, continued powering i...     Learn More ››








Russia launches sharp-eyed spy satellite for Iran

  6 months ago (Wed, Aug 10, 2022 at 10:10 AM)

Iran will soon have access to sharp orbital imagery, thanks to a newly launched spy satellite.

That spacecraft, called Khayyam, lifted off atop a Russian Soyuz rocket today (Aug. 9) at 1:52 a.m. EDT (0552 GMT) from the Russia-run Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan.

Russian state media provider TASS confirmed the satellite is sending telemetry successfully, according to Russian-language translation provided by Google.

Khayyam, which is named after the famed Persian poet and mathematician Omar Khayyam, is a Russian-built Kanopus-V Earth-observation satellite that can resolve features as...     Learn More ››








Risk of death rises as climate change causes nighttime temperatures to climb

  6 months ago (Wed, Aug 10, 2022 at 04:40 AM)

Excessively hot nights caused by climate change are predicted to increase the mortality rate around the world by up to 60% by the end of the century, according to a new international study that features research from the UNC Gillings School of Global Public Health.

Ambient heat during the night may interrupt the normal physiology of sleep. Less sleep can then lead to immune system damage and a higher risk of cardiovascular disease, chronic illnesses, inflammation and mental health conditions. Results show that the average intensity of hot night events will nearly double by 2090, from 20.4...     Learn More ››








Ancient source of oxygen for life hidden deep in the Earth’s crust

  6 months ago (Wed, Aug 10, 2022 at 04:35 AM)

Scientists at Newcastle University have uncovered a source of oxygen that may have influenced the evolution of life before the advent of photosynthesis.

The pioneering research project, led by Newcastle University’s School of Natural and Environmental Sciences and published today in Nature Communications, uncovered a mechanism that can generate hydrogen peroxide from rocks during the movement of geological faults.

While in high concentrations hydrogen peroxide can be harmful to life, it can also provide a useful source of oxygen to microbes. This additional source of oxygen may have in...     Learn More ››








Signs of disturbance in the dwarf galaxies of one of Earth’s nearest galaxy clusters indicate an alternative gravity theory

  6 months ago (Mon, Aug 08, 2022 at 12:20 PM)

Image name: potw1008a-neu.jpg Image size: 160kb Download.

According to the standard model of cosmology, the vast majority of galaxies are surrounded by a halo of dark matter particles. This halo is invisible, but its mass exerts a strong gravitational pull on galaxies in the vicinity. A new study led by the University of Bonn and the University of Saint Andrews (Scotland) challenges this view of the Universe. The results suggest that the dwarf galaxies of Earth’s second closest galaxy cluster – known as the Fornax Cluster – are free of such dark matter halos. The study appeared in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society.
...     Learn More ››








Blue Origin launches 6 people on company's 6th space tourism mission

  6 months ago (Fri, Aug 05, 2022 at 10:04 AM)

Among the passengers were the first people from Portugal and Egypt to reach space.

Blue Origin's sixth crewed spaceflight is in the books. The company's New

Shepard suborbital vehicle carried six people to the final frontier this morning (Aug. 4), including a few who notched spaceflight firsts.

New Shepard lifted off from Blue Origin's West Texas site at 9:57 a.m. EDT (1357 GMT) and was back on Earth about 10 minutes later. Though the mission was brief, its crewmembers walked away with memories that will last a lifetime.

"Woo-hoo! We're not going to die. Our poor familie...     Learn More ››








Surprise! Asteroid wider than 2 football fields barrels past Earth

  6 months ago (Fri, Aug 05, 2022 at 09:42 AM)

Image name: Asteroid_wider_than_2_football.PNG Image size: 85kb Download.

An asteroid wider than two football fields zoomed past Earth in the wee hours of Thursday (Aug. 4). The asteroid was set to pass at 12:23 a.m. (ET).

NASA astronomers discovered the asteroid, known as 2022 OE2, just days ago, on July 26. The meaty space rock is estimated to measure between 557 and 1,246 feet (170 to 380 meters) wide, which is about twice as wide as an American football field is long. Astronomers also confirmed that 2022 OE2 is an Apollo-class asteroid, which means it orbits the sun and crosses the path of Earth's orbit, Live Science previously reported. (Astronomers know of ...     Learn More ››








Dark matter from 12 billion years ago detected for the 1st time

  6 months ago (Wed, Aug 03, 2022 at 12:56 PM)

Image name: Dark_Matter.PNG Image size: 70kb Download.

Scientists have discovered dark matter around galaxies that existed about 12 billion years ago, the earliest detection yet of this mysterious substance that dominates the universe.

The findings, achieved by a collaboration led by researchers from Japan's Nagoya University, suggest that dark matter in the early universe is less 'clumpy' than predicted by many current cosmological models. If further work confirms this theory, it could change scientists' understanding of how galaxies evolve and suggest that the fundamental rules governing the cosmos could have been different when the 13.7 bil...     Learn More ››








How did Earth avoid a Mars-like fate? Ancient rocks hold clues

  6 months ago (Mon, Aug 01, 2022 at 11:09 AM)

Approximately 1,800 miles beneath our feet, swirling liquid iron in the Earth’s outer core generates our planet’s protective magnetic field. This magnetic field is invisible but is vital for life on Earth’s surface because it shields the planet from solar wind—streams of radiation from the sun.

About 565 million years ago, however, the magnetic field’s strength decreased to 10 percent of its strength today. Then, mysteriously, the field bounced back, regaining its strength just before the Cambrian explosion of multicellular life on Earth.

What caused the magnetic field to bounc...     Learn More ››








አስገራሚው አጽናፈ ዓለም በናሳው የጄምስ ዌብ ቴሌስኮፕ ሲቃኝ

  6 months ago (Mon, Aug 01, 2022 at 10:36 AM)

አስገራሚው አጽናፈ ዓለም በናሳው የጄምስ ዌብ ቴሌስኮፕ ሲቃኝ [Part 2]  








Russia wants to build its own space station, as early as 2028

  6 months ago (Fri, Jul 29, 2022 at 10:30 AM)

Image name: Roscosmos.PNG Image size: 183kb Download.

Russia has its eyes on a space station of its own.

The nation announced this week that it intends to pull out of the International Space Station (ISS) consortium after 2024. The timing of that move is uncertain, but Russia wants it to dovetail with the readiness of the planned Russian Orbital Service Station (ROSS).

We just got a better idea of what ROSS will look like and how it will operate (if the outpost does indeed end up being built), thanks to pictures and information released by Roscosmos, Russia's federal space agency. For example, the first phase of the outpost's assembly, targ...     Learn More ››








Why is gravity so weak? The answer may lie in the very nature of space-time

  6 months ago (Fri, Jul 29, 2022 at 09:12 AM)

Why is gravity so weak compared to the other four fundamental forces?

Even if it were a billion times stronger, it would still be the weakest force — by a factor of a billion billion. The strange feebleness of gravity sticks out, almost demanding an answer.

Strangely, the solution to gravity's weakness may not lie in gravity itself but in the mechanics of the Higgs boson and the very nature of space-time.

Lift a piece of paper. Congratulations, you have successfully counteracted the combined gravitational might of the entire planet.

It didn't take a lot of effort because gravity...     Learn More ››








James Webb Space Telescope beats its own record with potential most distant galaxies

  6 months ago (Fri, Jul 29, 2022 at 08:58 AM)

Astronomers are now discovering record-breaking distant galaxies by the dozen while sifting through the treasure trove of data now being collected by the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST or Webb). Among them are several galaxies dating back to just over 200 million years after the Big Bang.

Prior to the launch of the James Webb Space Telescope, the most distant confirmed galaxy known was GN-z11, which astronomers saw as it was about 420 million years after the Big Bang, giving it what astronomers call a redshift of 11.6. (Redshift describes how much the light coming from a galaxy has been s...     Learn More ››








Starlink service endangered by proposed 5G plan, SpaceX says

  6 months ago (Thu, Jul 28, 2022 at 11:01 AM)

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SpaceX is fighting against a possible regulatory change, saying it could cripple the company's Starlink satellite-internet business.

The potential change involves the 12 gigahertz (GHz) frequency band, which SpaceX's Starlink spacecraft and many other satellites use to beam data to the ground.

Early last year, the U.S. Federal Communications Commission (FCC) began thinking about opening the band up for extensive terrestrial use, as The Verge noted(opens in new tab). Dish Network has thrown its hat into this ring, proposing to use the 12 GHz band for its new 5G network.

SpaceX is not...     Learn More ››








25-ton Chinese rocket debris will fall to Earth around July 31, experts predict

  6 months ago (Thu, Jul 28, 2022 at 10:22 AM)

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The newest piece of big Chinese space junk will fall back to Earth around the end of the month, experts predict.

The object in question is the roughly 25-ton (22.5 metric tons) core stage of the Long March 5B rocket that on Sunday (July 24) launched to orbit the second module for China's under-construction Tiangong space station.

The rocket body will likely stay aloft for about a week, according to researchers with The Aerospace Corporation's Center for Orbital Reentry and Debris Studies (CORDS). They've analyzed tracking data gathered by the U.S. Space Force's Space Surveillance Network...     Learn More ››








SpaceX launches 53 Starlink satellites, lands Falcon 9 on droneship

  6 months ago (Wed, Jul 27, 2022 at 02:45 PM)

SpaceX launched a batch of Starlink satellites on Sunday (July 24) in what was the fifth launch for the program in July alone, and the company's 33rd launch of 2022.

SpaceX launched 53 Starlink internet satellites loaded aboard the Falcon 9 rocket that lifted off at 9:38 a.m. EDT (1338 GMT) from the Kennedy Space Center (KSC) in Florida.

At roughly eight minutes and 45 seconds after liftoff, the Falcon 9's first stage made a successful landing on the droneship A Shortfall of Gravitas stationed nearby in the Atlantic Ocean.  








South Korea is ready to launch its 1st moon mission

  6 months ago (Wed, Jul 27, 2022 at 11:38 AM)

The launch of South Korea's first moon mission is just a week away.

The Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter, or KPLO for short, is scheduled to launch atop a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket next Tuesday (Aug. 2). The mission is viewed as the first step in South Korea's ambitious deep-space agenda, which also includes a robotic landing onto the moon by 2030 and an asteroid sample-return mission.

In May of this year, KPLO was officially named "Danuri," a blend of two Korean words that mean "moon" and "enjoy."

The test lunar orbiter will carry a total of six payloads. Fiv...     Learn More ››








Russia says it will leave the International Space Station after 2024

  6 months ago (Wed, Jul 27, 2022 at 11:31 AM)

The announcement comes as NASA and Roscosmos are laying plans to transition to other stations post-ISS.

Russia will opt out of the International Space Station (ISS) program after 2024, the new chief of Russia's federal space agency Roscosmos said Tuesday (July 26).

Roscosmos leadership has been threatening to pull out of the International Space Station for months, stating that Western sanctions will "destroy" Russian cooperation aboard the orbital lab. While those threats have been numerous and inflammatory, they have yet to sound as definitive as the latest proclamation made b...     Learn More ››








አስገራሚው አጽናፈ ዓለም በናሳው የጄምስ ዌብ ቴሌስኮፕ ሲቃኝ

  6 months ago (Sat, Jul 23, 2022 at 09:55 AM)

አስገራሚው አጽናፈ ዓለም በናሳው የጄምስ ዌብ ቴሌስኮፕ ሲቃኝ Part 1  








Why Jupiter doesn’t have rings like Saturn

  6 months ago (Fri, Jul 22, 2022 at 01:09 PM)

Because it’s bigger, Jupiter ought to have larger, more spectacular rings than Saturn has. But new UC Riverside research shows Jupiter’s massive moons prevent that vision from lighting up the night sky.

“It’s long bothered me why Jupiter doesn’t have even more amazing rings that would put Saturn’s to shame,” said UCR astrophysicist Stephen Kane, who led the research.

“If Jupiter did have them, they’d appear even brighter to us, because the planet is so much closer than Saturn.” Kane also had questions about whether Jupiter once had fantastic rings and lost them. It i...     Learn More ››








Astronomers develop novel way to ‘see’ first stars through fog of early Universe

  6 months ago (Fri, Jul 22, 2022 at 12:57 PM)

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A team of astronomers has developed a method that will allow them to ‘see’ through the fog of the early Universe and detect light from the first stars and galaxies.

The researchers, led by the University of Cambridge, have developed a methodology that will allow them to observe and study the first stars through the clouds of hydrogen that filled the Universe about 378,000 years after the Big Bang.

Observing the birth of the first stars and galaxies has been a goal of astronomers for decades, as it will help explain how the Universe evolved from the emptiness after the Big Bang to the...     Learn More ››








James Webb Space Telescope discovers candidates for most distant galaxies yet

  6 months ago (Fri, Jul 22, 2022 at 11:49 AM)

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The two galaxies, if confirmed, existed 300 to 400 million years after the Big Bang.

Astronomers have spotted what may be the two most distant galaxies ever seen hiding in early-release images from NASA's newest space telescope.

The James Webb Space Telescope's early science work includes a program called the Grism Lens-Amplified Survey from Space, or GLASS. Through GLASS, astronomers are scrutinizing the galaxy cluster Abell 2744, which is so massive that its gravity is able to distort the space around it and act as a gravitational lens to magnify the images of far more distant galaxies...     Learn More ››








Astronomers detect a radio “heartbeat” billions of light-years from Earth

  6 months ago (Thu, Jul 14, 2022 at 11:58 AM)

Astronomers at MIT and universities across Canada and the United States have detected a strange and persistent radio signal from a far-off galaxy that appears to be flashing with surprising regularity.

The signal is classified as a fast radio burst, or FRB — an intensely strong burst of radio waves of unknown astrophysical origin, that typically lasts for a few milliseconds at most. However, this new signal persists for up to three seconds, about 1,000 times longer than the average FRB. Within this window, the team detected bursts of radio waves that repeat every 0.2 seconds in a clear pe...     Learn More ››








NASA Reveals Webb Telescope’s First Images of Unseen Universe

  7 months ago (Wed, Jul 13, 2022 at 04:31 PM)

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The dawn of a new era in astronomy is here as the world gets its first look at the full capabilities of NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope, a partnership with ESA (European Space Agency) and CSA (Canadian Space Agency).

The full set of the telescope’s first full-color images and spectroscopic data, which uncover a collection of cosmic features elusive until now, released Tuesday.

“Today, we present humanity with a groundbreaking new view of the cosmos from the James Webb Space Telescope – a view the world has never seen before,” said NASA Administrator Bill Nelson. “These imag...     Learn More ››








Space rocket junk could have deadly consequences unless governments act

  7 months ago (Wed, Jul 13, 2022 at 03:35 PM)

The re-entry of abandoned stages of rockets left in orbit from space launches have a six to 10 per cent chance of severely injuring or killing a human being in the next decade, according to a new UBC study.

Researchers say governments need to take collective action and mandate that rocket stages are guided safely back to Earth after their use, which could increase the cost of a launch, but potentially save lives.

“Is it permissible to regard the loss of human life as just a cost of doing business, or is it something that we should seek to protect when we can? And that’s the crucial p...     Learn More ››








NASA's Mars Life Explorer mission would dig deep to hunt for Red Planet life

  7 months ago (Tue, Jul 12, 2022 at 10:34 AM)

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If approved by NASA, the life-hunting mission could launch in the 2030s.

Has life ever existed on Mars? Could it still exist there today?

These questions intrigue scientists and the public alike. And digging into them could require exactly that — going underground on Mars.

That's what one potential NASA mission, called the Mars Life Explorer (MLE), would do. The deep-digging MLE, which would focus on search for signs of currently existing Red Planet life, received a hearty endorsement from the most recent planetary science decadal survey, a report by the U.S. National Academies of S...     Learn More ››








SpaceX launches 46 Starlink satellites, lands rocket on ship at sea

  7 months ago (Tue, Jul 12, 2022 at 10:22 AM)

SpaceX launched 46 satellites and landed the returning rocket on a ship at sea on Sunday (July 10).

A two-stage Falcon 9 rocket topped with 46 of SpaceX's Starlink internet satellites lifted off from California's Vandenberg Space Force Base on Sunday at 9:39 p.m. EDT.

About 8.5 minutes after liftoff, the Falcon 9's first stage came back to Earth and landed on the SpaceX droneship Of Course I Still Love You, which was stationed in the Pacific Ocean.

It was the sixth launch and landing for this Falcon 9 first stage. The booster also helped loft the Earth-observation satellite Sentinel-...     Learn More ››








HOW NUCLEAR WAR WOULD AFFECT EARTH TODAY

  7 months ago (Sat, Jul 09, 2022 at 02:59 PM)

Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has brought the threat of nuclear warfare to the forefront. But how would modern nuclear detonations impact the world today? A new study published today provides stark information on the global impact of nuclear war.

The study’s lead author LSU Department of Oceanography & Coastal Sciences Assistant Professor Cheryl Harrison and coauthors ran multiple computer simulations to study the impacts of regional and larger scale nuclear warfare on the Earth’s systems given today’s nuclear warfare capabilities. Nine nations currently control more than 13,000...     Learn More ››








Earth's magnetic field: Explained

  7 months ago (Thu, Jul 07, 2022 at 10:26 AM)

Earth's magnetic field also known as the geomagnetic field — is generated in our planet's interior and extends out into space, creating a region known as the magnetosphere.

Without the magnetic field, life on Earth as we know it would not be possible as it shields us all from the constant bombardment by charged particles emitted from the sun — the solar wind. (To learn what happens to a planet when it loses its magnetic field, you only need to look at Mars.)

Earth has two sets of poles, geographic pole and magnetic poles. Earth's magnetic field can be visualized if you imagine ...     Learn More ››








Knowing the Earth’s energy imbalance is critical in preventing global warming, study finds

  7 months ago (Tue, Jul 05, 2022 at 03:58 PM)

The imbalance of energy on Earth is the most important metric in order to gauge the size and effects of climate change, according to a new study published in the first issue of Environmental Research: Climate, a new open access journal.  








Romantic Partners Can Influence Each Other’s Beliefs and Behaviors on Climate Change

  7 months ago (Fri, Jul 01, 2022 at 10:50 AM)

Few would argue that romantic partners have the potential to shift each other’s beliefs and behaviors, but what about their views on climate change specifically? Up until now there’s been little analysis of the dynamics of climate change conversations in romantic relationships and how the beliefs of one partner can influence the other.

A team of researchers led by the Yale Program on Climate Change Communication at the Yale School of the Environment explored this concept and found that there’s potential for partners to influence each other through conversations on climate change.

...     Learn More ››








Hypersonic missile defense program moves toward 2 prototypes

  7 months ago (Thu, Jun 30, 2022 at 12:58 PM)

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The Department of Defense's Missile Defense Agency (MDA) has selected Northrop Grumman and Raytheon Missiles and Defense to continue developing prototypes of a Glide Phase Interceptor (GPI), a planned next-generation countermeasure to defend against hypersonic weapons.

While there are several different classes of hypersonic weapons that differ significantly, hypersonic weapons are typically defined as those that travel at Mach 5 or faster, or greater than five times the speed of sound. While it remains unknown what form the GPI will take, concept art typically depicts the interceptor as a r...     Learn More ››








China plans to return Mars samples to Earth in 2031

  7 months ago (Fri, Jun 24, 2022 at 04:48 PM)

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China plans to haul Mars samples to Earth in 2031, two years before NASA and the European Space Agency aim to do so, according to media reports.

The target date was announced in a Monday (June 20) presentation(opens in new tab) by Sun Zezhou, chief designer of the Tianwen 1 Mars orbiter and rover mission that arrived at the Red Planet in February 2021.  








Repeated hurricane exposure to adverse psychological symptoms

  7 months ago (Fri, Jun 17, 2022 at 11:24 AM)

Repeated exposure to hurricanes, whether direct, indirect or media-based, is linked to adverse psychological symptoms and may be associated with increased mental health problems, according to a first-of-its kind study led by University of California, Irvine researchers.

Findings are critical for understanding the psychological impacts of recurring natural disasters, particularly in the context of the escalating threat of climate change. Rather than individuals becoming acclimated to repeated exposure to disasters, results demonstrated that over time, responses to subsequent hurricanes becom...     Learn More ››








New space data serves as ‘complete step change’ in understanding of our Universe

  7 months ago (Thu, Jun 16, 2022 at 10:13 AM)

Space scientists have today announced the discovery of a ‘super Jupiter’ orbiting a white dwarf, the first detected using direct observations with the European Space Agency (ESA)’s Gaia mission.

The discovery forms part of a treasure trove of data made available in Gaia’s Data Release 3, which provides the most detailed survey of our galactic neighbourhood to date.

Observations made by the Gaia observatory, which orbits a point in space about 1.5 million km from Earth, will allow astronomers to create the most accurate and complete multi-dimensional map of the Milky Way and bette...     Learn More ››








“Ocean of Storms” – China’s Lunar Lander Finds Source of Water on Moon

  7 months ago (Wed, Jun 15, 2022 at 10:08 AM)

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China’s first lunar sample-return mission, Chang’e 5, is the fifth lunar exploration mission of the Chinese Lunar Exploration Program, launched on November 23, 2020. It landed on the moon on December 1, 2020, in the Northern Oceanus Procellarum near a huge volcanic complex, Mons Rümker.

Oceanus Procellarum, which translates in Latin to “Ocean of Storms,” is a vast lunar mare — a dark, basaltic plain that was formed by volcanic activity triggered by ancient asteroid impacts on the far side of the Moon. Maria (plural for mare), which translates in Latin to “seas” were named as ...     Learn More ››
















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